The Reform of the Initial General Education: a Step Forward or Backward?



The article is devoted to discussion of the Project of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation «About priority directions of educational system development of the Russian Federation» (2004) in the part which concerns introduction of «preschool education» of children (a null class) at the age of 5–6. The article cites the data on features of American children development and training, who start school at 5.

General Information

Keywords: «preschool education», null class, kindergarten, upbringing, training, mental development, key activity, game activity

Journal rubric: Educational Psychology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Goutkina N.I. The Reform of the Initial General Education: a Step Forward or Backward?. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2005. Vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 5–11. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Nina I. Goutkina, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher (academic rank), the Author was a Member of L.I. Bozhovich’s Laboratory, Psychological Institute of the Russian Academy of Education, Professor at the Developmental Psychology Chair, Educational Psychology Faculty of the Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:



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