Play Activity of Preschool Children with Intellectual Disorders



The article presents results of comparative experimental research of children role play with normal, retarded (delayed) intellect and intellectual impairment. It shows that level of children role play with intellectual disturbance (disorders) is much more dependant on the quality of educational environment than that of normal children. The study reveals specific characteristics of role-play behavior typical for children with intellectual disorders. Their role-play behavior is intermittent and transitory; has a blurred, not clear structure, their communication is not separated into independent episodes; has low level of oral regulation, cooperation, communicational and social competence, play programming etc. Also factors negatively influencing mastering a play as a leading activity in mental disorders were examined.

General Information

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Gavrilushkina O.P., Egorova A.A. Play Activity of Preschool Children with Intellectual Disorders. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2007. Vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 152–158. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Borisova N. A. Korrekcionno-pedagogicheskaya rabota po razvitiyu sposobnosti k zamesheniyu u detei s intellektual'noi nedostatochnost'yu. Dis. ... kand. ped. nauk. M., 2004.
  2. Vygotsky L. S. Igra i ee rol' v psihicheskom razvitii rebenka // Voprosy psihologii.1966. №1.
  3. Gavrilushkina O. P. Ispol'zovanie znakovo-simvolicheskih sredstv doshkol'nikami s intellektual'noi nedostatochnost'yu. Psihokorrekcionnyi aspekt // Kul'turno-istoricheskaya psihologiya. 2006. №1.
  4. Gavrilushkina O. P., Golovchic L. A., Egorova M. A. Psihologicheskie aspekty special'nogo obrazovaniya i novyh korrekcionnyh programm i tehnologii // Psihologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie, 2001. №1.
  5. Egorova M. A. Korrekcionno-pedagogicheskaya rabota po social'nomu vospitaniyu doshkol'nikov v detskom dome. Dis. ... kand. ped. nauk. M., 1998.
  6. Zolotkova E. V. Razvitie rolevogo povedeniya doshkol'nikov s intellektual'noi nedostatochnost'yu v processe korrekcionnogo obucheniya. Dis. ... kand. ped. nauk. M., 2005.
  7. Leont'ev A. N. Psihologicheskie osnovy doshkol'noi igry // Problemy razvitiya psihiki. M., 1981.
  8. Slepovich E. S. Igrovaya deyatel'nost' doshkol'nikov s zaderzhkoi psihicheskogo razvitiya. M., 1990.
  9. Sokolova N. D. Razvitie igrovoi deyatel'nosti umstvenno otstalyh doshkol'nikov v processe napravlennogo obucheniya // Osobennosti razvitiya i vospitaniya detei doshkol'nogo vozrasta s nedostatkami sluha i intellekta / Pod red. L. P. Noskovoi. M., 1984.
  10. Piaget J. Rech' i myshlenie rebenka // Izbrannye psihologicheskie trudy. M., 1997. Language and Thought of the Child: Jean Piaget: Selected Works
  11. El'konin D. B. Psihologiya igry. M.,1978.

Information About the Authors

Olga P. Gavrilushkina, PhD in Education, Senior Researcher, Head of the Psychology of Abnormal Development Laboratory, Professor of the Preschool Psychology and Pedagogics department, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education (MSUPE), Member of the editorial board of the journal "Psychological Science and Education", Moscow, Russia, e-mail:

Anna A. Egorova, Junior Research Fellow, Psychology of Junior Schoolchildren Laboratory, Psychological Institute of the Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:



Total: 4060
Previous month: 33
Current month: 20


Total: 1012
Previous month: 4
Current month: 11