Psychological Characteristics of Gifted Adolescents with a Different Ratio of Verbal and Non-verbal Abilities

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Abstract

This article is devoted to the study of cognitive and personality characteristics of children with high levels of general giftedness, but with a different ratio of verbal and non-verbal abilities. Article presents a review of the literature on the subject. Based on the review the goals and objectives of the empirical study are demonstrated. This paper studies cognitive (intellect, creativity), personal (subjective assessment of own abilities, anxiety) characteristics and educational attainment in 50 gifted seven-graders. Students were divided into four groups: with severe and moderate weakness of verbal abilities, moderate weakness of non-verbal abilities and an approximate equality of these two types of abilities. It was demonstrated that despite the high level of general IQ, students with a relative weakness non-verbal and in particular verbal abilities may have difficulties in learning (in the program for gifted children). This can lead to inadequate assessment by children of their capabilities and increase in anxiety. The need for multi-psychological diagnostics of students’ giftedness is stressed. The profile of their mental abilities and personality characteristics should be taken into account to promote complete opening of available capabilities.

General Information

Journal rubric: Social Psychology

For citation: Petrova S.O. Psychological Characteristics of Gifted Adolescents with a Different Ratio of Verbal and Non-verbal Abilities. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2009. Vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 71–81. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Svetlana O. Petrova, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Laboratory for Psychology of Giftedness, Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1831-7009, e-mail: simarik2000@mail.ru

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