Controversies in the Personality Development of the Child with Mental Disorders

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Abstract

The article discusses the personality developmental peculiarities of an individual with intellectual deficiency. The authors argue that there is a necessity to clarify the criteria of such development, in particular, the formation of self-esteem of people with mental retardation. The conditions of its formation with developmental disabilities are discussed. It is concluded that it is necessary to take into account specific cultural and educational needs of the child with mental retardation in the process of his/her personality development analysis. When such a child masters the forms of culture appropriate to his/her needs, it should be considered as a basis for further education. The negative effects of inclusion of the children with mental disorders without considering their specific cultural and educational needs are discussed.

General Information

Keywords: cultural-historical psychology, personality development, self-esteem, mental retardation, cultural approach to rehabilitation, integration

Journal rubric: Clinical and Special Psychology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Shcherbakova A.M., Shemanov A.Yu. Controversies in the Personality Development of the Child with Mental Disorders. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2010. Vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 63–71. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Anna M. Shcherbakova, PhD in Education, Senior Researcher, Leading Researcher, Professor, Chair of Special Psychology and Rehabilitation, Department of Clinical and Special Psychology, Moscow State Univerity of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8932-4102, e-mail: shcherbakova.a.m@yandex.ru

Alexey Y. Shemanov, Doctor of Philosophy, Professor of the Department of Special Psychology and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Clinical and Special Psychology, Leading Researcher, Scientific Laboratory of the Federal Center for the Development of Inclusive General and Additional Education, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3925-3534, e-mail: shemanovayu@mgppu.ru

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