Social and Psychological Factors of Physical Perfectionism and Body Dissatisfaction



The article is devoted to the discussion of psychological and social factors which influence the forming and sustaining of physical perfectionism and body dissatisfaction. Main national studies of physical perfectionism as a separate phenomenon and one of significant factors of emotional ill-being of adolescents and young people are analyzed. The article acknowledges deficit of such studies and gives a review of foreign works devoted to research of body dissatisfaction regarding it as a manifestation of physical perfectionism. It presents the results of foreign studies which show contribution of sociocultural, family and personal factors to origination of body dissatisfaction. It also examines harmful consequences of this phenomenon: eating disorders, involvement in various activities associated with physical health risks, affective disorders and suicidal readiness.

General Information

Keywords: perfectionism, physical perfectionism, body dissatisfaction, psychosocial factors, emotional ill-being, adolescents, young people

Journal rubric: Clinical and Special Psychology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Tarhanova P.M., Kholmogorova A.B. Social and Psychological Factors of Physical Perfectionism and Body Dissatisfaction. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2011. Vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 52–60. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Polina M. Tarhanova, Postgraduate Student of the Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy of the Faculty of Psychological Counseling, Moscow City Psychological and Pedagogical University, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:

Alla B. Kholmogorova, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Dean of the Faculty of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Leading Researcher, Moscow Research Institute of Psychiatry (A Branch of the National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology), Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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