Mental health of adolescents. How to support it?

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Abstract

The paper reveals the impact of psychological safety of educational environment on the mental health of its subjects, particularly adolescents. The features of the educational environment that is psychologically safe for mental development and health are revealed. It is found that psychological safety of education, providing microsocial environment free from psychological abuse, determining its reference and satisfying the basic needs in personal and confidential communication, defines a dynamic balance between the individual and the social environment in the direction of improving mental health. The structural indicators of mental health of adolescents, related to safety estimates of the educational environment, are described. The psychotechnologies that provide psychological safety of the educational environment and are aimed at maintaining the mental health of adolescents, are mentioned. It is determined that psychological safety can be a qualitative characteristic that unites the psychological resources of the educational environment. It can be one of the reasons for creating variable models of psychological service in school, the essence of which is emphasis on the development and support of students’ mental health resources.

General Information

Keywords: mental health, psychological safety, educational environment, mental health criteria, psychotechnologies

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Baeva I.A. Mental health of adolescents. How to support it?. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2012. Vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 11–17. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Baeva I.A. Psihologicheskaya bezopasnost' v obrazovanii SPb., 2002.
  2. Baeva I.A., Volkova E.N., Laktionova E.B. Psihologicheskaya bezopasnost' obrazovatel'noi sredy: razvitie lichnosti / Pod red. I.A. Baevoi. M.-SPb., 2011.
  3. Burlachuk L.F., Korzhova E.Yu. Psihologiya zhiznennyh situacii. M., 1998.
  4. Maslou A. Motivaciya i lichnost'. SPb., 2001.

Information About the Authors

Irina A. Baeva, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Department of Educational and Developmental Psychology, Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Education, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2457-8221, e-mail: irinabaeva@mail.ru