Coping Strategies, Psychological Well-Being and Problematic Internet Use During a Pandemic

852

Abstract

Pandemic and accompanying isolation period made significant changes in the daily activities of adolescents and young people. In the changed conditions, it is of interest to study the most adaptive coping strategies that contribute to the preservation of psychological well-being. The study involved 88 girls in Russia, aged 13 to 22 (M = 17.8; SD = 3).Data collection was carried out from 6 to 7 May 2020.The scales used were: Pandemic Lifestyle Changes Questionnaire, Generalized Problematic Internet Use Scale (GPIUS3), Loneliness Scale (UCLA), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Well-Being Index (WHO-5), and Symptom Check List- 90-Revised (SCL-90-R).Short and long term planning was found to be positively associated with less depressive symptoms and greater life satisfaction. Social interaction and altruism are associated with lower rates of problematic Internet use. Family interaction is associated with indicators of psychological well-being and less loneliness. Family conflicts are correlated with an increase in rates of problematic Internet use and lower levels of psychological well-being.

General Information

Keywords: pandemic, COVID-19, coping strategies, problematic internet use, psychological well-being

Journal rubric: Psychological Well-Being

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/pse.2020250603

For citation: Gerasimova A.A., Kholmogorova A.B. Coping Strategies, Psychological Well-Being and Problematic Internet Use During a Pandemic. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2020. Vol. 25, no. 6, pp. 31–40. DOI: 10.17759/pse.2020250603. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Belinskaya E.P., Vecherin A.V., Agadullina E.R.Oprosnik proaktivnogo kopinga: adaptatsiya na neklinicheskoi vyborke i prognosticheskie vozmozhnosti [Proactive Coping Inventory: Adaptation to a Non-Clinical Sample and the Predictive Capability].Klinicheskaya i spetsial’naya psikhologiya = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2018.Vol.7, no.3, pp.192—211.DOI:10.17759/cpse.2018070312 (In Russ., abstr.in Engl.)
  2. Gayazova L.A., Vikhristyuk O.V.Osobennosti zaprosov na distantsionnuyu psikhologicheskuyu pomoshch’ v period samoizolyatsii (COVID-19) [Elektronnyi resurs] [Peculiarities of Requests for Remote Psychological Assistance During the Self-isolation Period (COVID-19)].Vestnik prakticheskoi psikhologii obrazovaniya = Bulletin of Psychological Practice in Education, 2020.Vol.17, no.2, pp.78—88.DOI:10.17759/bppe.2020170210
  3. Gritsenko V.V., Reznik A.D., Konstantinov V.V.et al.Strakh pered koronavirusnym zabolevaniem (COVID-19) i bazisnye ubezhdeniya lichnosti [Elektronnyi resurs] [Fear of Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) and Basic Personality Beliefs].Klinicheskaia i spetsial’naia psikhologiia = Clinical Psychology and Special Education, 2020.Vol.9, no.2, pp.99—118.DOI:10.17759/cpse.2020090205 (In Russ.)
  4. Gruzdev I.A., Kamal’dinova L.R., Kalinin R.G.Rezul’taty oprosa studentov rossiiskikh vuzov, osushchestvlyayushchikh perekhod na distantsionnyi format obucheniya [Results of a survey of students of Russian universities who are making the transition to distance learning].Shtorm pervykh nedel’: kak vysshee obrazovanie shagnulo v real’nost’ pandemii.Sovremennaya analitika obrazovaniya [The storm of the first weeks: how higher education stepped into the reality of a pandemic.Modern education analytics].2020.Vol. 6, no.36, pp.62—67.(In Russ., abstr.in Engl.)
  5. Enikolopov S.N., Boiko O.M., Medvedeva T.I., Vorontsova O.Yu., Kaz’mina O.Yu.Dinamika psikhologicheskikh reaktsii na nachal’nom etape pandemii COVID-19 [Elektronnyi resurs] [Dynamics of Psychological Reactions at the Start of the Pandemic of COVID-19].Psikhologo-pedagogicheskie issledovaniya = Psychological-Educational Studies, 2020.Vol.12, no.2, pp.108—126.DOI:10.17759/ psyedu.2020120207 (In Russ., abstr.in Engl.)
  6. Zakharova U.S., Vilkova K.A.Sub”ektnost’ studentov v usloviyakh ochnogo i distantsionnogo obucheniya: vzglyad prepodavatelei [Student Agency in Traditional and Distance Learning from Their Instructors’ Perspective].Sovremennaya zarubezhnaya psikhologiya = Journal of Modern Foreign Psychology, 2020.Vol.9, no.3, pp.87—96.DOI:10.17759/ jmfp.2020090308 (In Russ., abstr.in Engl.)
  7. Kryukova T.L.Vozrastnye i krosskul’tural’nye razlichiya v strategiyah sovladayushego povedeniya [Age and cross-cultural differences in coping strategies].Psihologicheskii zhurnal = Psychological Journal, 2005.Vol.26, no.2, pp.5—15.
  8. Rasskazova E.I., Leontiev D.A., Lebedeva A.A.Pandemiya kak vyzov sub”ektivnomu blagopoluchiyu: trevoga i sovladanie [Pandemic as a Challenge to Subjective Well-Being: Anxiety and Coping].Konsul’tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2020.Vol. 28, no.2, pp.90—108.DOI:10.17759/ cpp.2020280205 (In Russ., abstr.in Engl.)
  9. Sirota N.A.Koping-povedenie v podrostkovom vozraste.Diss.dokt.med.nauk [Coping behavior in adolescence.Dr.Sci.(Medical) diss].SPb, 1994.
  10. Tkhostov A.Sh., Rasskazova E.I.Psikhologicheskoe soderzhanie trevogi i profilaktiki v situatsii infodemii: zashchita ot koronavirusa ili «porochnyi krug» trevogi? [Psychological Contents of Anxiety and the Prevention in an Infodemic Situation: Protection against Coronavirus or the “Vicious Circle” of Anxiety?].Konsul’tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2020.Vol.28, no.2, pp.70—89.DOI:10.17759/cpp.2020280204 (In Russ., abstr.in Engl.)
  11. Kholmogorova A.B., Gerasimova A.A.Psikhologicheskie faktory problemnogo ispol’zovaniya Interneta u devushek podrostkovogo i yunosheskogo vozrasta [Psychological Factors of Problematic Internet Use in Adolescent and Young Girls].Konsul’tativnaya psikhologiya i psikhoterapiya = Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy, 2019.Vol.27, no.3, pp.138—155.DOI:10.17759/cpp.2019270309 (In Russ., аbstr.in Engl.)
  12. Casale S., Lecchi S., Fioravanti G.The association between psychological wellbeing and problematic use of internet communicative services among young people.Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, 2015.Vol.149, no.5, pp.480—497.DOI:10.1080/0022 3980.2014.905432
  13. Demkowicz O.et al.Teenagers’ experiences of life in lockdown [Elektronnyi resurs].Available at: https:// www.research.manchester.ac.uk/portal/en/publications/ teenagers-experiences-of-life-in-lockdown(c45c2c6a-f24e-4670-af7b-e518aaca262b)/export.html (Accessed: 18.10.2020).
  14. Deslandes S.F., Coutinho T.The intensive use of the internet by children and adolescents in the context of COVID-19 and the risks for self-inflicted violence.Ciência & Saúde Coletiva, 2020.Vol.25, pp.2479— 2486.DOI:10.1590/1413-81232020256.1.11472020
  15. Drouin M.et al.How Parents and Their Children Used Social Media and Technology at the Beginning of the COVID-19 Pandemic and Associations with Anxiety [Elektronnyi resurs].Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 2020.DOI:10.1089/cyber.2020.0284
  16. López de Ayala M.C., Gutierrez J.C.S., Jiménez A.G.Problematic Internet use among Spanish adolescents: The predictive role of Internet preference and family relationships.European Journal of Communication, 2015.Vol.30, no.4, pp.470—485.DOI:10.1177/0267323115586725
  17. Mayurasakorn K.et al.School closure, COVID-19 and lunch programme: Unprecedented undernutrition crisis in low-middle income countries.J Paediatr Child Health, 2020.Vol.56, no.7, pp.1013—1017.DOI:10.1111/jpc.15018
  18. United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization.United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization [Elektronnyi resurs].Available at: https://en.unesco.org/covid19/educationresponse (Accessed: 20.10.2020).

Information About the Authors

Anna A. Gerasimova, Medical psychologist, FSBI National Medical Research Center of Cardiology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5298-6084, e-mail: anna.al.gerasimova@gmail.com

Alla B. Kholmogorova, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Dean of the Faculty of Counseling and Clinical Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Leading Researcher, Moscow Research Institute of Psychiatry (A Branch of the National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology), Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5194-0199, e-mail: kholmogorova@yandex.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 1612
Previous month: 26
Current month: 13

Downloads

Total: 852
Previous month: 7
Current month: 5