Smartphone on the Desk: A Study of the Characteristics of Cyberloughing among Schoolchildren and Students
This study aims to research a new form of students' deviation: cyberloafing. This term refers to the use of Internet technologies during classes for non-educational purposes. Children get distracted during lessons by online or off-line activities. A sample of the study consists of students and schoolchildren from Chelyabinsk city. The study involved 233 people aged 13 to 20 years. 146 schoolchildren aged 13–15 years (42% boys and 58% girls) and 87 students aged 17–20 (40% male and 60% female) were recruited for this study. We use the cyberloafing scale proposed by Y. Akbulut (in the Russian version by N.V. Sivrikova). The results of the research demonstrate that the level of cyberloafing is quite low and correlates with participants' gender and educational level. Differences between schoolchildren and students correspond to the structure of cyberlоafing behavior.
Keywords: deviations, Internet abuse, digital technologies in education, gadgets
Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology
Article type: scientific article
Funding. The study was carried out with the financial support of the Mordovian State Pedagogical Institute within the framework of the scientific project No. MK-42-2023/2 04.05.2023
For citation: Sivrikova N.V., Tatiana T.G., Perebeinos A.E. Smartphone on the Desk: A Study of the Characteristics of Cyberloughing among Schoolchildren and Students. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2023. Vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 52–62. DOI: 10.17759/pse.2023280403. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)
- Coşkun, T. K., & Gökçearslan, Å. Examination of cyberloafing studies in education: A content analysis. World Journal on Educational Technology: Current Issues, 2019. no. 11(1), рр. 94–103. doi: https://doi.org/10.18844/wjet.v11i1.4017.
- Dubé A.K., Dubé N.J. Policies to guide the adoption of educational games into classrooms.Educational Technology Research and Development,2020.no.5, рр.1-5. doi:1007/s11423-020-09835-9
- .Donham C., Barron H.A., Alkhouri J.S., Menke E., Kranzfelder P.I will teach you here or there, I will try to teach you anywhere: perceived supports and barriers for emergency remote teaching during the COVID-19 pandemic International Journal of STEM Education, 2022. no.9(1), рр.19 doi:10.1186/s40594-022-00335-1;
- Deepa V., Sujatha R., Mohan J.Unsung voices of technology in school education-findings using the constructivist grounded theory approach .Smart Learning Environments, no.9(1),рр.1 doi:10.1186/s40561-021-00182-7
- Ergün E., & Altun A. Educational technology theory and practice. Eğitim Teknolojisi Kuram ve Uygulama, 2012. no.2(1), рр.36–53.
- Flynn R. M., Kleinknecht E., Ricker A. A., Blumberg F. C. A narrative review of methods used to examine digital gaming impacts on learning and cognition during middle childhood.International Journal of ChildComputeInteraction,2021.no.30, рр.100325. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcci.2021.100325.
- GökçearslanŞ,Uluyol Ç., Şahin S., Smartphone addiction, cyberloafing, stress and social support among university students: A path analysis. Children and Youth Services Review,2018. 91, рр.47–54.
- Juuti K., Kervinen A., Loukomies A. Quality over frequency in using digital technology: Measuring the experienced functional use. Computers & Education, no.176, рр. 104361.doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2021.104361.
- Koay K.Y., Poon W.C.Students' cyberslacking behaviour in e-learning environments: the role of the Big Five personality traits and situational factors. Journal of Applied Research in Higher Education.2022, 29(4), рр. 2207-2224.doi: 10.1108/JARHE-11-2021-0437;
- Luo W., Berson I. R., Berson M. J., Li H. Are early childhood teachers ready for digital transformation of instruction in Mainland China? A systematic literature review. Children and Youth Services Review, 2021. 120, рр.105718.doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2020.105718.
- Mihelič K.K., Lim V.K.G., Culiberg Cyberloafing among Gen Z students: the role of norms, moral disengagement, multitasking self-efficacy, and psychological outcomes. European Journal of Psychology of Education, 2022. no.38 (3),рр.1-5.doi:10.1007/s10212-022-00617-w.
- Margaretha, M., Sherlywati, Monalisa, Y., Mariana, A., Junita, I., Martalena, Iskandar, D., & Nur. Cyberslacking behavior and its relationship with academic performance: a study of students in Indonesia. European Journal ofEducational Research,2021. 10(4), рр.1881-1892.doi:https://doi.org/10.12973/eu-jer.10.4.1881
- Mei T. K., Mahamood A. F., Abdullah S., Yakob T. K. T., Mokhdzar Z. A. Cyberloafing Behavior and Its Effects Towards Academic AchievementAmong Students in Higher Education Institution. Journal of Human Development and Communication, 2021. 10, рр. 115-133
- Metin-Orta I., Demirutku K. (2020). Cyberloafing behaviors among university students and its relationto Hedonistic-Stimulation value orientation, cyberloafing attitudes,and time spent on the Internet. Current Psychology, no.41, рр. 4271–4282
- Moiseeva, E., Sivrikova, N., Ekzhanova, E., & Reznikova, E. Gender and age features of media consumption results of the survey of people aged 12-20. ACM International Conference Proceeding Series, 2019. рр. 1–5. doi:https://doi.org/10.1145/3373722.3373787
- Moon J. H., Cho S. Y., Lim S. M., Roh J. H., Koh M. S., Kim, Y. J. & Nam, E. . Smart device usage in early childhood is differentially associated with fine motor and language development. Acta Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics, 2019. 108(5), рр.903–910. doi:https://doi.org/10.1111/apa.14623
- Ricker A.A. Richert R.A. (2021). Digital gaming and metacognition in middle childhood. Computers in Human Behavior,2021. 115, рр.106593. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2020.106593
- Reizer A., GalperinB. L., ChavanM., BehlA., PereiraV. Examining the relationship between fear of COVID-19, intolerance for uncertainty, and cyberloafing: A mediational model. Journal of Business Research,2022. 145,рр. 660-670 DOI;https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2022.03.037.
- Sailer M., Murböck J., Fischer F. Digital learning in schools: What does it take beyond digital technology?Teaching and Teacher Education, 2021. 103, рр.103346.doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tate.2021.103346.
- Sivrikova N., RoslyakovaS., SokolovaN., Moiseeva E. (2019). Assessing of use of the Internet for personal reasons at lessons at school: A Validation of the Cyberloafing Scale. Shs web of conferences, no.70(1), рр.06010. doi:https://doi.org/10.1051/shsconf/20197006010
- Sharma S. I want it my way: Using consumerism and neutralization theory to understand students’ cyberslacking behavior. International Journal of Information Management,no.53, рр.102131. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijinfomgt.2020.102131
- Tanrıverdi Ö., & Karaca F. (2018). Investigating the Relationships between Adolescents’ Levels of Cognitive Absorption and Cyberloafing Activities according to Demographic Characteristics. Addicta: The Turkish Journal on Addictions,2018. 5(2). doi:https://doi.org/10.15805/addicta.2018.5.2.0052
- Toker S., & Baturay M. H. (2016). Antecedents and consequences of game addiction. Computers in Human Behavior,2016. 55, рр.668–679. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2015.10.002
- Ugrin J. C., Pearson J. M. & Nickle S. M. An Examination of the Relationship between Culture and Cyberloafing Using the Hofstede Model. Journal of Internet Commerce,2018. 17(1), рр.46–63. doi:https://doi.org/10.1080/15332861.2018.1424395
- Varol E. Y. (2019). Cyberloafing in higher education: Reasons and suggestions from students’ perspectives. Technology, Knowledge and Learning, no.24(1), рр.129–142.
- Wu J., Mei W., Liu L., & Ugrin J. C. The bright and dark sides of social cyberloafing: Effects on employee mental health in China. Journal of Business Research, 2020. 112, рр.56–64. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2020.02.043
- Wu J., Mei, W. & Ugrin J. C. Student Cyberloafing In and Out of the Classroom in China and the Relationship with Student Performance. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, no.21(3), рр.199–204. doi: https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2017.0397
- F. G., Yilmaz R., Öztürk H. T., Sezer B., & Karademir T. Cyberloafing as a barrier to the successful integration of information and communication technologies into teaching and learning environments. Computers in Human Behavior,2015. no. 45, рр.290–298. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2014.12.023
- Zhong J. Chen Y. Yan J., Luo J. The mixed blessing of cyberloafing on innovation performance during the COVID-19 pandemic. Computers in Human Behavior, no.126, рр.106982. doi:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2021.106982
Information About the Authors
Previous month: 0
Current month: 78
Previous month: 0
Current month: 27