Smartphone on the Desk: A Study of the Characteristics of Cyberloughing among Schoolchildren and Students



This study aims to research a new form of students' deviation: cyberloafing. This term refers to the use of Internet technologies during classes for non-educational purposes. Children get distracted during lessons by online or off-line activities. A sample of the study consists of students and schoolchildren from Chelyabinsk city. The study involved 233 people aged 13 to 20 years. 146 schoolchildren aged 13–15 years (42% boys and 58% girls) and 87 students aged 17–20 (40% male and 60% female) were recruited for this study. We use the cyberloafing scale proposed by Y. Akbulut (in the Russian version by N.V. Sivrikova). The results of the research demonstrate that the level of cyberloafing is quite low and correlates with participants' gender and educational level. Differences between schoolchildren and students correspond to the structure of cyberlоafing behavior.

General Information

Keywords: deviations, Internet abuse, digital technologies in education, gadgets

Journal rubric: Developmental Psychology

Article type: scientific article


Funding. The study was carried out with the financial support of the Mordovian State Pedagogical Institute within the framework of the scientific project No. MK-42-2023/2 04.05.2023

Received: 06.06.2023


For citation: Sivrikova N.V., Tatiana T.G., Perebeinos A.E. Smartphone on the Desk: A Study of the Characteristics of Cyberloughing among Schoolchildren and Students. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and Education, 2023. Vol. 28, no. 4, pp. 52–62. DOI: 10.17759/pse.2023280403. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Nadezhda V. Sivrikova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor of the Chair of Social Work, Pedagogy and Psychology, South Ural State Humanitarian Pedagogical University, Chelyabinsk, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Tatyana G. Tatiana, PhD in Education, Associate Professor of the Department of Social Work, Pedagogy and Psychology, South Ural State University for the Humanities and Pedagogics, Chelyabinsk, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Artem E. Perebeinos, PhD in History, Associate Professor of the Department of General History, South Ural State University for the Humanities and Pedagogics, Chelyabinsk, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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