Distortion of value orientations as a risk factor of adolescents’ use of psychoactive substances

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Abstract

The contribution examines specific distortions of value orientations of minors inclined to use of psychoactive substances (PAS). It analyses statistical data on prevalence of persons who use PAS among young people, describes the risk factors of addictive behavior. The results of the empirical research show that adolescents inclined toward use of PAS, show distortions in the structure and content of life meaning orientations. They can be characterized by lesser coherence of world view structures, their patchiness, distortion and insufficient development of value hierarchy. Such minors have a fairly low evaluation of their possibilities, value and potential of their life. Adolescents who are inclined toward addiction to PAS have an unrealistic view of their life, they evaluate the past events of their life mainly negatively which leads to negative perception of their future life prospects which are based on non-specific generalized perceptions. Displays of activity of adolescents with addictive behavior are largely defined by their situational needs which are not included in the wider sensible context of social functioning.

General Information

Keywords: value orientations, sensible constructs, minors, psychoactive substances, meaningfulness of life, value-sense field

Journal rubric: Psychology of Deviant and Criminal Behavior

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Oshevsky D.S., Balashova E.O. Distortion of value orientations as a risk factor of adolescents’ use of psychoactive substances [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2012. Vol. 2, no. 2 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

Information About the Authors

Dmitry S. Oshevsky, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Senior Researcher at the Laboratory of Child and Adolescent Psychology, V. P. Serbsky National Medical Research Center of Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of Russia, Associate Professor of the Department of Legal Psychology and Law, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Federal State Budgetary Institution "Research Center for Mental Health" Leading Researcher of the Department of Organization of Psychiatric Services, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3465-6302, e-mail: oshevsky@serbsky.ru

E. O. Balashova, Moscow, Russia

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