The relationship of the temperament of the subject of crime with the characteristics of offences

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Abstract

The features of communication psychological characteristics of temperament types of crimes. The analysis of scientific views on the role of temperament in the predisposition of the individual to the crime. With the help of empirical study confirmed the hypothesis that the subjects who had committed certain type of crime have specific personal psychological characteristics that reveal the determinants of their offences. The personality questionnaires EPI and MMPI used methods of analysis of personal files of prisoners; observation of their behaviour and discussions with them; drawing up of psychological portraits. Also developed and used an original questionnaire. The results showed that among criminals-murderers is dominated by people with a tendency to choleric expression of properties of temperament, expressed the need for self-affirmation, affective behavior, impulsivity, and disregard for social demands. The perpetrators of the theft inherent in the assertion of his personality not only in the eyes of the environment, but above all in its own. The perpetrators of rape there is usually no clear idea of traditionally male and female traits in behaviour, the relationship between a man and a woman are limited to sexual function. Criminals convicted of fraud and hooliganism, unable to establish contact with others not able to take the point of view of another, there is a disregard for moral and ethical standards.

General Information

Keywords: temperament, subject of a crime, personality of criminal, delinquent behavior, prison psychology.

Journal rubric: Forensic and Clinical Psychology in Legal Context

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2015050403

For citation: Diyakov S.I., Shably I. The relationship of the temperament of the subject of crime with the characteristics of offences [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2015. Vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 26–39. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2015050403. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Sergey I. Diyakov, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Associate Professor of the Chair of Psychology, Sevastopol State University, Sevastopol, Russia, e-mail: sd333@mail.ru

Ilona Shably, Bachelor of the faculty of psychology Branch, Lomonosov Moscow State University in Sevastopol, Crimea, Russia, e-mail: ilonsy@mail.ru

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