The relationship between violence risk factors and protective factors among mentally ill offenders
The results of research of the relationship between violence risk factors for and protective factors among psychiatric patients with a criminal history are presented. There were interviewed 563 men and 200 women undergoing compulsory treatment. The methodology of the assessment of protective factors (Bulygina V.G. et al.), "The historical clinical risk" (HCR-20, Webster), which was supplemented with a clinical-psychopathological criteria used in the Russian practice, were applied. It has been used the method of classification tree and ROC analysis. Target variables for the mathematical analysis were: gender, frequency of reoffending, interval of criminal recidivism. It was discovered that the universal protective factors in a general sample of persons with severe mental disorders are development of social and communication skills as well as higher motivation for treatment. There were highlighted gender specific protective factors. It is revealed that with a longer period of social adaptation associated the motivation for treatment and developed social and communication skills in female sample, in male – absence of problems connected with substance abuse and tolerant attitude to judicial and administrative regulations. Model of risk of the criminal recidivism among mentally ill women have higher predictive value than models for men.
Keywords: the risk factors of violence, protective factors, socially dangerous acts, compulsory treatment of mentally sick with the criminal anamnesis.
Journal rubric: Forensic and Clinical Psychology in Legal Context
Article type: scientific article
For citation: Bulygina V.G., Dubinsky A.A., Tokareva G., Lysenko N.E. The relationship between violence risk factors and protective factors among mentally ill offenders [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2016. Vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 105–119. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2016060109. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)
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