The personal dispositions of violent extremism

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Abstract

The paper presents the differences in the nature of extremism and radicalism, and the necessity of introducing the concept of "violent extremism." It is shown that the ideology is the explanation of extremist behavior, rather than its cause. The ideology of extremism often eclectic, contradictory and can easily be transformed by changing the object of hostility, depending on the situation. For the description of the psychological causes of extremism it is proposed to use the concept of personal disposition. Disposition is the preferred way to subjective interpretation of reality and reflects both the specific needs of a person as well the typical social situations where it realized and personal experience. Considered the following dispositions of violent extremism: the Cult of force and aggression, Intolerance, Out-group hostility Conventional coercion, Social pessimism and destructiveness, Mystical, Fighting and overcoming, Nihilism to law, Anti-subjectivism. It is proposed to use these dispositions as diagnostic criteria and for preventing and correcting.

General Information

Keywords: extremism, violence, personal dispositions, authoritarianism, ideology, diagnosis, prevention.

Journal rubric: Psychology of Extreme Situations and Crises

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2017070109

For citation: Davydov D. The personal dispositions of violent extremism [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2017. Vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 106–121. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2017070109. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Denis Davydov, PhD in Psychology, Head of the Laboratory of adolescent socialization, Moscow city Psychological & Pedagogical Centre, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: DavydovDG@edu.mos.ru

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