Dynamics of moral judgments of the cadets

631

Abstract

The article presents the results of an empirical study of the features of the development of the level of moral judgments among the cadets. The study was conducted on the basis of the OGBU "Smolensk Field Marshal Kutuzov Cadet Corps." The material was the results of a survey of two groups of adolescents studying in the cadet corps, representing the younger and older adolescents. The following subjects were included in the sample: cadets only enrolled in the cadet corps (n = 30); Cadets completing their studies (n = 30). As methodologies, a specially developed semi-structured interview was used that simulates situations of moral choice. The Cadets showed positive dynamics in the development of moral judgments and greater differentiation in assessments, and revealed age differences in the semantic sphere. The older cadets are distinguished by a tendency to form a higher - prosocial level of development of moral judgments. It is noted that in carrying out educational work with pupils, efforts should be directed to help in adapting to new social conditions, integration into the cadet collective.

General Information

Keywords: military psychology, cadets, moral judgment, moral consciousness, development.

Journal rubric: Legal Psychology of Childhood

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2017070310

For citation: Korchagina O., Oshevsky D.S. Dynamics of moral judgments of the cadets [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2017. Vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 127–137. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2017070310. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Antsyferova L.I. Svyaz moralnogo soznaniya s nravstvennym povedeniyem cheloveka (po materialam issledovaniy Lourensa Kolberga i ego shkoly) [Relationship of moral consciousness with moral behavior of a person] // Psikhologicheskiy zhurnal [Psychological journal] 1999. no. 3. pp.5-17.
  2. Bratus B.S. K probleme cheloveka v psikhologii [To the problem of man in psychology] // Voprosy psikhologii [Questions of Psychology] 1997. no. 5. pp. 3-19.
  3. Bochkareva G.G. Psikhologicheskaya kharakteristika motivatsionnoy sfery podrostkov-pravonarushiteley [Psychological characteristics of the motivational sphere of adolescent offenders]// Izucheniye motivatsii povedeniya detey i podrostkov [The study of motivation of children and adolescents]. In Bozhovich L. I., Blagonadezhinaya L. V. (ed.). Moscow: Publ. Pedagogika. 1972. pp. 259-350.
  4. Vladimirov A.I. Mesto, rol i znacheniye kadetskogo, suvorovskogo, nakhimovskogo obrazovaniya. Istoricheskiy aspekt i sovremennost [The place, role and significance of Cadet, Suvorov, Nakhimov education. Historical Aspect and Modernity] // Sayt moskovskogo sodruzhestva suvorovtsev. nakhimovtsev i kadetov [Elektronnyy resurs] URL http://www.kadet.ru. (Accessed 10.07.2017).
  5. Dozortseva E.G. Anomalnoye razvitiye lichnosti u podrostkov s protivopravnym povedeniyem. [Abnormal personality development in adolescents with unlawful behavior] Moscow: Publ. GNTs SSP im. V.P. Serbskogo. 2004. 352 p.
  6. Korchemnyy P.A. Voyennaya psikhologiya: metodologiya. teoriya. [Praktika Military psychology: methodology, theory, practice]. Moscow: Publ. Voyenizdat. 2010. 340 p.
  7. Oshevskij D.S. Psihicheskoe razvitie u podrostkov s psihicheskimi rasstrojstvami, sovershivshih agressivno-nasil'stvennye pravonarushenija (psihologicheskij aspekt). Avtoref. diss. kand. psihol. nauk. [Mental development in adolescents with mental disorders who have committed aggressive and violent offense (psychological aspect). Ph.D. (Psychology) Thesis]. Moscow, 2006. 24 p.
  8. Oshevskiy D.S. Frolova M.S. Dinamika moralnykh suzhdeniy u yunoshey-voyennosluzhashchikh v period prokhozhdeniya deystvitelnoy sluzhby [Dynamics of moral judgments in young soldiers during the period of military service] [Elektronnyy resurs] // Psikhologiya i parvo [Psychology and Law] 2015. Vol. 5. no. 2. pp. 138–153. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2015100211
  9. Pashkanova N.A. Formirovaniye nravstvennogo povedeniya vospitannikov kadetskogo korpusa  avtoref. …Diss. kand. ped. nauk. [Formation of moral behavior of students of the Cadet Corps. Ph. D. (Pedagogy) Thesis]. Kostroma, 2006. 24 p.
  10. Pashukova T. I. Egotsentrizm v podrostkovom i yunosheskom vozraste: prichiny i vozmozhnosti korrektsii [Self-centeredness in adolescence and adolescence: causes and opportunities for correction]. Moscow: Publ. In-t praktich. Psikhologii. 1998. 159 p.
  11. Postanovleniye Pravitelstva RF ot 30 dekabrya 2015 g. № 1493 «O gosudarstvennoy programme «Patrioticheskoye vospitaniye grazhdan Rossiyskoy Federatsii na 2016-2020 gody» [Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of December 30, 2015 No. 1493 "On the state program" Patriotic education of citizens of the Russian Federation for 2016-2020 years "] Informatsionno-pravovoy portal «Garant» [Elektronnyy resurs] URL: http:// http://base.garant.ru/71296398/. (Accessed 10.07.2017).
  12. Yakobson S.G. Problemy eticheskogo razvitiya rebenka [Problems of the ethical development of the child] Moscow: Publ. Pedagogika. 1984. 144 p.
  13. Eisenberg N. Altruistic emotion, cognition and behavior // Annual Reviews Psychological. 1986. №51.Р. 665-697.
  14. Gibbs J. Moral Maturity // Measuring the Development of Sociomoral Reflection. / Ed. Gibbs J., Basinger К. Fuller D. London: Lawrence Erlbaum associates, publishers, 1992. P. 20-31. 14.
  15. Kohlberg L. Moral Stages and Moralization // Moral development and behavior. Theory, research, and social issues. / Ed. T. Lickona. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1976. P. 31-53.

Information About the Authors

Oksana Korchagina, master student, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: korchaginaov93@gmail.com

Dmitry S. Oshevsky, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Senior Researcher at the Laboratory of Child and Adolescent Psychology, V. P. Serbsky National Medical Research Center of Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of Russia, Associate Professor of the Department of Legal Psychology and Law, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3465-6302, e-mail: oshevsky@serbsky.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 2225
Previous month: 8
Current month: 5

Downloads

Total: 631
Previous month: 1
Current month: 1