Age dynamics of higher mental functions among the employees of law enforcement agencies

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Abstract

The article presents the results of the research on the age dynamics of higher mental functions among the employees of law enforcement agencies. There was an assumption that the decrease in concentration of attention, visual and somatosensory gnosis and visual memory dominate in the structure of age-related changes in higher mental functions among employees of law enforcement agencies. The sample of the study was 68 soldiers aged from 19 to 41 years (mean age of the group 27 ± 4.78). The methodological complex included methods aimed to evaluate the function of gnosis (Recognition of the figures of Poppelreiter, Had's sampling, Copying of the drawing with a rotation of 180°, Posture transfer, Feeling of Ferster, Reproduction of rhythms), attention (Schulte's Tables, Bourdon's Correction Test) and memory (Memorization of two-valued numbers, the memorization of two semantic series, the test "5 figures"). It was revealed that, irrespective of age, the functional disorder of basal-frontal, "deep" structures and temporal divisions of the brain predominates in the entire sample. The structure of age-related changes is dominated by a decline in visual-spatial functions, changes in visual and somatosensory gnosis, as well as visual memory.

General Information

Keywords: higher mental functions, age dynamics of higher mental functions, the employees of law enforcement agencies.

Journal rubric: Psychology of Professional Activity

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2018080204

For citation: Kotelnikova D.A., Pronicheva M.M., Vasilchenko A. Age dynamics of higher mental functions among the employees of law enforcement agencies [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2018. Vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 50–60. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2018080204. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Darya A. Kotelnikova, Laboratory assistant, V. Serbsky NMRCPN, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: kot.darya.94@mail.ru

Maria M. Pronicheva, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher Associate of Laboratory of Psychohygiene and Psychoprophylaxis, V.P. Serbsky National Medical Research Center of Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7468-9221, e-mail: mariya_pronichev@mail.ru

Alesya Vasilchenko, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, V.P. Serbsky National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4942-7975, e-mail: vasilchenko.alesya@gmail.com

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