Legal psychology in the system of law



The existence of legal psychology makes the actual problem of the relationship between the spirit of law and the letter of the law. The author uses a spiritual and moral approach, which overcomes the formalism and shortcomings of the materialistic vision of law. When it is argued that the law can regulate only what can be controlled from the outside, make a significant mistake, because the regulatory impact of the law objectively and does not depend on whether we notice its consequences or not. Legal psychology "works" in the inner world of the individual, despite the possibility of external fixation of the process. In law-making subjects Express the legal psychology of society, including themselves. The entire Arsenal of legal equipment is formed in such a way as to facilitate the psychological perception of the addressees of acts of law. The need to interpret the law and the existence of judicial discretion also make legal psychology relevant. Legal relationship – not just external physical actions-entering into legal relations, the subjects give each other their psychological content. All sources of law reflect the national psychology of a particular people. The application of the institution of legal responsibility is entirely permeated with psychological aspects.

General Information

Keywords: legal psychology, action of law, personality properties, self-regulation, legal stimulation.

Journal rubric: Methodological Problems of Legal Psychology

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Sorokin V.V. Legal psychology in the system of law [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2019. Vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 111–121. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2019090108. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Il'in I.A. Teoriya prava i gosudarstva [Theory of law and state]. M.: Zercalo, 2003. 550 p.
  2. Kavelin K.D. Sobranie sochinenij: v 4 t. T. 1. [Collected works: in 4 vol. 1]. SPb.: tip. M.M. Stasyulevicha, 1904. 992 p.
  3. Kavelin K.D. Sobranie sochinenij: v 4 t. T. 2 [Collected works: in 4 vol. Vol.2]. SPb.: tip. M.M. Stasyulevicha, 1904. 664 p.
  4. Kistyakovskij B.A. V zashchitu prava (Intelligenciya i pravosoznanie) [in defense of law (Intelligentsia and legal consciousness)] // Vekhi: Sbornik statej o russkoj intelligencii [Milestones: Collection of articles about the Russian intelligentsia]. M.: Pravda, 1991. P. 122—149.
  5. Kudryavcev V.N. Pravovoe povedenie: norma i patologiya [Legal behavior: norm and pathology]. M.: Nauka, 1982. 287 p.
  6. Losev A.F. EHllinisticheski-rimskaya ehstetika I-II vv. [Hellenistic-Roman aesthetics of I-II centuries ad]. M.: Mysl', 1979. 416 p.
  7. Mal'ko A.V., SHundikov K.V. Celi i sredstva v prave i pravovoj politike [Aims and means in law and legal policy]. Saratov, 2007. 294 p.
  8. Marks K., EHngel's F. Sobranie sochinenij: v 39 t [Publishing house of political literature]. M.: Izdatel'stvo politicheskoj literatury, 1955-1974. Vol. 1. 864 p.
  9. Momov V. Norma i motiv povedeniya [the Norm and the motive behind the behavior] // Voprosy filosofii [Questions of philosophy]. 1972. no. 8. p. 107 – 117.
  10. Ob utverzhdenii Polozheniya o professional'noj orientacii i psihologicheskoj podderzhke naseleniya v Rossijskoj Federacii: Postanovlenie Mintruda RF ot 27.09.1996 № 1 [About the statement of Regulations on professional orientation and psychological support of the population in the Russian Federation: the Resolution of Ministry of labor of the Russian Federation of 27.09.1996 No. 1] // Byulleten' normativnyh aktov federal'nyh organov ispolnitel'noj vlasti [Bulletin of regulations of Federal Executive authorities]. 1996. no. 10.
  11. Petrazhickij L.I. Ocherki filosofii prava. Vyp. 1 [Essays on the philosophy of law. Issue. 1]. SPb.: Tipolitografiya YUdelevicha, 1900. 106 p.
  12. Rubinshtejn S.L. Osnovy obshchej psihologii [Fundamentals of General psychology]. Spb.: Piter, 2004. 720 p.
  13. Sitkovskaya O.D. Psihologicheskij kommentarij k Ugolovnomu kodeksu Rossijskoj Federacii [Psychological commentary to the Criminal code of the Russian Federation]. M.: YUridicheskaya firma «Kontrakt», 1999. 348 p.
  14. Solov'ev V.S. Opravdanie dobra [the Justification of the good]. M.: Algoritm, 2012. 656 p.
  15. Frank S.L. Duhovnye osnovy obshchestva: Vvedenie v social'nuyu psihologiyu [Spiritual foundations of society: Introduction to social psychology]. M.: Respublika, 1992. 512 p.
  16. Chicherin B.N. Izbrannye Trudy [Selected works]. SPb: Izdatel'stvo SPbGU, 1998. 560 p.
  17. Sherkovin YU.A. Social'naya psihologiya. Istoriya, teoriya, ehmpericheskie issledovaniya [Social psychology. History, theory, empirical research] // Psihologicheskij zhurnal [Psychological journal]. 1981. Vol. 2. no. 2. P. 165-167.
  18. Etzioni A. The moral dimension. N.Y., 1988. 200 р.

Information About the Authors

Vitalyi V. Sorokin, Doctor of Law, Professor, Professor of the Department of Theory and History of State and Law, Altai state University, Barnaul, Russia, e-mail:



Total: 4357
Previous month: 37
Current month: 17


Total: 658
Previous month: 5
Current month: 2