Psychological Assessment of Suicidal Risk: the Ratio of Pro- and Anti-Suicidal Personality Factors

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Abstract

An experimental psychological examination of 40 individuals (16 men and 24 women aged 18 to 21 years) who made suicide attempt was carried out. The control group consisted of 34 cadets of a higher educational institution (14 men and 20 women aged 18 to 21 years) who did not have a history of auto-aggressive actions. Methods used: “Suicide Risk Questionnaire” in the modification of T.М. Razuvaeva; “Questionnaire of interpersonal relations” by V. Schutz in adaptation A.A. Rukavishnikov; "Life Style Index"; methodology "Study of self-relationship" S.R. Pantileeva. The results of factor analysis showed that in the main group, pro-suicidal factors prevail: personal, communicative, related to the time perspective. Antisuicidal factors prevail in the control group, both stable (features of self-relationship, interpersonal interaction), and related to the updating of psychological defenses in traumatic conditions. It is concluded that a comparative analysis of suicidal and anti-suicidal factors is the basis of clinical, psychological and forensic expert diagnosis, should be used when choosing psychocorrective programs.

General Information

Keywords: suicide, suicidal factors, antisuicidal factors, self-conception, psychological defense mechanisms.

Journal rubric: Forensic and Clinical Psychology in Legal Context

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2019090415

For citation: Safuanov F.S., Sochivko O.I. Psychological Assessment of Suicidal Risk: the Ratio of Pro- and Anti-Suicidal Personality Factors [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2019. Vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 211–224. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2019090415. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Farit S. Safuanov, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Head of Chair of Clinical and Forensic Psychology, Department of Legal Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Head of the Laboratory of Psychology, Federal Medical Research Center of Psychiatry and Addiction of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1703-7956, e-mail: safuanovf@rambler.ru

Olga I. Sochivko, Teacher of the Department of Psychology of Professional Activity, the UIS of the Psychological Faculty of the Academy of Law and Management of the Federal Penal Correction Service of the Russian Federation, Ryazan, Russia, e-mail: o.sochivko@mail.ru

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