Scale of Convicts ' Attitude To Work



The article presents the results of the development of a new psychodiagnostic method "Scale of convicts ' attitude to work (SHOT)", which combines the potential of all three: personal questionnaire, projective test, biographical method. The scale allows to get an integral assessment of the convict's attitude to work in a continuum with the poles "constructive – destructive" and includes three subscales (positive experience of work and employment, education and qualifications, perception of work and education as social values), which reflect qualitatively specific aspects of the attitude to work. The psychometric test was conducted on a sample of 195 male convicts, age 19 to 60 years old, with sentences ranging from 8 months to 24 years, who have a first criminal record (27%) and repeat offenders (73%). The criteria and design validity of the method is proved. Internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's alpha) for the scale as a whole and its subscale ranges from 0.71 to 0.86, and retest reliability ranges from 0.69 to 0.81. The practicability of applying the method in scientific research and in the practice of psychological and psychological-pedagogical work with convicts is proved.

General Information

Keywords: work, attitude to work, convicts, psychodiagnostic methods, psychometric properties, positive work experience, education, qualifications, professionalism, value of work.

Journal rubric: Penitentiary Psychology and Penal Practice

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Lenkov S.L., Rubtsova N.E., Alexandrov B.V. Scale of Convicts ' Attitude To Work [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2020. Vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 223–239. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2020100217. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Sergey L. Lenkov, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Chief Researcher, Institute оf Study of Childhood, Family and Education of the Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Nadezhda E. Rubtsova, Doctor of Psychology, Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Department of General Psychology and Labor Psychology, Russian New University, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Boris V. Alexandrov, Lecturer, Department of Social Psychology and Social Work, Academy of Law and Management of the Federal Penitentiary Service, Ryazan, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



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