Youth Attitudes towards Corruption as a Manifestation of the Economic Mentality of Russians

102

Abstract

In the study of legal problems, their psychological aspects are of great importance. The paper presents the main areas of research on corruption. It is noted that in modern legal psychology, the prevention of unlawful behavior of young people in the field of economic crimes is still given little focus. The paper presents an analysis of the attitude of young people, as the most promising social group, to corruption offenses. The research was carried out using surveys among the students of higher education of Moscow. The data obtained were processed with content analysis, expert analysis as well as quantitative analysis of keywords and attitudes under topical areas chosen by the authors. The main results of the study can be summarized as follows: young people's perceptions of corruption are largely formed at the household level and do not reflect the specifics of macro-social processes in the society; students highlight the cultural and historical factors in the spread of corruption, which, in their opinion, act as a historically established social obstacle to overcoming the corruption situation in Russia; oftentimes students assess corruption not on legal grounds, but on psychological ones (on the principles of respect, politeness, mutual agreement, etc.), which does not always allow them to adequately identify corrupt behavior. With this approach to the problem, the research results require serious attention from psychologists, teachers and lawyers (in view of legal education of young people), which is a promising plan for future research.

General Information

Keywords: corrupt behavior, attitude to corruption, psychological foundations of corruption, personal characteristics of a corrupt official, cultural and historical traditions

Journal rubric: Methodological Problems of Legal Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2022120213

Funding. The reported study was funded by Russian Science Foundation (RSF), project no. 21-18-00541.

Received: 31.10.2021

Accepted:

For citation: Zhuravlev A.L., Kitova D.A. Youth Attitudes towards Corruption as a Manifestation of the Economic Mentality of Russians [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2022. Vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 178–193. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2022120213. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Bovina I.B., Sachkova M.E. Podchinenie i nepodchinenie v ponimanii studencheskoi molodezhi: poiskovoe issledovanie [Obedience and Disobedience in the Understanding of Russian Students: An Exploratory Study] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i parvo = Psychology and Law, 2020. Vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 76–92. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2020100406 (In Russ.).
  2. Boykina E.E., Chernov V.A. Pravosoznanie podrostkov pokoleniya tsentinialov: prognosticheskaya otsenka [Legal Conscience of Teens from the Centennials Generation: a Prognostic Assessment] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i parvo = Psychology and Law, 2021. Vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 135–149. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2021110111 (In Russ.).
  3. Vannovskaya O.V. Lichnostnye determinanty korruptsionnogo povedeniya [Personal determinants of corruptional behaviour]. Izvestiya Rossiiskogo gosudarstvennogo pedagogicheskogo universiteta imeni A.I. Gertsena = Izvestia: Herzen University Journal of Humanities & Sciences, 2009, no. 102, pp. 323–328. (In Russ.).
  4. Zhuravlev A.L., Kitova D.A. Predstavleniya sovremennoi molodezhi o lichnostnykh kharakteristikakh korruptsionera [Young people’s ideas on a corrupt official’s human qualities] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Vestnik Instituta sotsiologii = Bulletin of the Institute of Sociology, 2020. Vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 43–62. doi:10.19181/vis.2020.11.4.677 (In Russ.).
  5. Gorshkov M.K. et al. I vnov’ na pereput’e? Postsovetskim transformatsiyam 30 let…: Monografiya]. Moscow: Novye pechatnye tekhnologii, 2019. 382 p. (In Russ.).
  6. Kitova D.A. Mikroekonomicheskaya psikhologiya sub”ekta zhiznedeyatel’nosti. Moscow: Izd-vo “Institut psikhologii RAN”, 2020. (In Russ.).
  7. Kitova D.A. Psikhologo-pravovye osobennosti otnosheniya k korruptsii studentov iz razlichnykh rossiiskikh regionov [Sychological and legal features of attitudes towards corruption among students from Russian regions] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Nauchnye trudy Moskovskogo gumanitarnogo universiteta = Scientific Works of the Moscow University for the Humanities, 2020, no. 5, pp. 76–91. doi:10.17805/trudy.2020.5.9 (In Russ.).
  8. Kiselev V.V. Psikhologicheskie determinanty antikorruptsionnogo povedeniya sotrudnikov gosudarstvennoi organizatsii: Diss. kand. psikhol. nauk. Moscow, 2016. 258 p. (In Russ.).
  9. Kroz M. V., Ratinova N. A. Psikhologicheskie podhody k izucheniyu lichnosti korruptsionnogo prestupnika [Psychological approaches to the study of corruption offender’s personality]. Vestnik Akademii General’noi prokuratury Rossiiskoi Federatsii = Bulletin of the University of the Prosecutor's Office of the Russian Federation, 2016, no. 6 (56), pp. 47–54. (In Russ.).
  10. Milekhin A.V., Umnyashova I.B., Egorov I.A. Psikhologo-pedagogicheskie usloviya pervichnoi profilaktiki narkomanii v studencheskoi srede [Psychological and Educational Prerequisites for Primary Prevention of Drug Addiction among Students] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i parvo = Psychology and Law, 2020. Vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 111–125. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2020100408 (In Russ.).
  11. Makarov T. et al. Obshhestvo travmy: mezhdu evolyutsiei i revolyutsiei (kruglyi stol) [Society of trauma: between evolution and revolution (а round table discussion)] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya = Sociological Studies, 2019, no. 6, pp. 3–14. doi:10.31857/S013216250005477-7 (In Russ.).
  12. Psikhologicheskie issledovaniya v internet-prostranstve: poiskovye sistemy, sotsial’nye seti, elektronnye bazy [Elektronnyi resurs]. Moscow: Izd-vo “Institut psikhologii RAN”, 2020. 503 p. doi:10.38098/soc.2020.89.12.001 (In Russ.).
  13. Zhuravlev A.L., Kitova D.A., Sosnin V.A. (eds.). Sotsial’no-psikhologicheskie issledovaniya korruptsii. Moscow: Izd-vo “Institut psikhologii RAN”, 2017. 284 p. (In Russ.).
  14. Chernysheva E.V. Pravosoznanie v determinatsii korruptsionnogo povedeniya [Legal consciousness in determination of corrupt behavior] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i parvo = Psychology and Law, 2021. Vol. 11, no. 2, pp. 120–131. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2021110209 (In Russ.).
  15. Yurevich A.V., Zhuravlev A.L. Psikhologicheskie faktory korruptsii [Psychological factors of corruption]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya = Sociological Studies, 2014, no. 7 (363), pp. 63–71. (In Russ.).
  16. Agbo A.A. Corruption as a Propensity: Personality and Motivational Determinants Among Nigerians. The Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, 2016. Vol. 150, no. 4, pp. 502–526. doi:10.1080/00223980.2015.1107523
  17. Corruption Perceptions Index 2018. Transparency International. URL: https://www.transparency.org/cpi2018 (Accessed 17.05.2021).
  18. Funk J., Brouwer J., Curtiss K., McBroom E. Parents of preschoolers: Expert media recommendations and ratings knowledge, media-effects beliefs, and monitoring practices. Pediatrics, 2009. Vol. 123, no. 3, pp. 981–988. doi:10.1542/peds.2008–1543
  19. Lascomes P., Tomescu-Hatto O. French Ambiguities in Understandings of Corruption: Concurrent Definitions. Perspectives on European Politics and Society, 2008. Vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 24–38. doi:10.1080/15705850701825428
  20. Prabowo H.Y. How to nurture an anti-corruption. The Jakarta Post, Mon, January 9, 2017. URL: https://www.thejakartapost.com/academia/2017/01/09/how-to-nurture-an-anti-corruption-attitude.html (Accessed 17.05.2021).
  21. Simon D., Eitzen D. Elite Deviance. 3rd ed. Boston etc.: Allyn and Bacon, 1990. P. XII.

Information About the Authors

Anatoly L. Zhuravlev, Doctor of Psychology, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Professor, Scientific Director, Federal State Budgetary Institution of Science Institute of Psychology RAS, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2502-1089, e-mail: alzhuravlev2018@yandex.ru

Dzhuletta A. Kitova, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Leading Researcher, Laboratory of the History of Psychology and Historical Psychology, Federal State Budgetary Institution Institute of Psychology RAS, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8185-3974, e-mail: j-kitova@yandex.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 943
Previous month: 73
Current month: 60

Downloads

Total: 102
Previous month: 4
Current month: 12