Features of the Regulation of Negative Emotions and Stress of People Choosing the Profession of an Investigator

152

Abstract

The features of the image of a professional investigator, associated with the skills of regulation of emotions, were studied in young people studying in this specialization. It was found out whether these features are manifested in experienced specialists or serve as a guide at different stages of the formation of professional identity, how they change in the course of training. Two studies involved cadets of two universities n = 274, a comparison group of psychologists, n = 78. Results processing methods: dispersion and discriminant analysis. The results revealed specific combinations of ways to explain successes and failures with actions to overcome them, which contribute to greater effectiveness of the investigator from the point of view of cadets at the beginning and at the end of training, and as part of ordinary ideas about a professional serve as a guide when choosing a profession. It turned out that the psychological characteristics corresponding to these ideas are involved in the process of the formation of professional identity, distinguishing the initial stages of its formation from the later ones. The results also make it possible to describe the mechanism for transforming the image of a professional among investigators in the process of studying at a university.

General Information

Journal rubric: Psychology of Professional Activity

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2023130101

Received: 03.06.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Kravchenko Yu.E., Kravtsov O.G., Shchepanskaya A.A. Features of the Regulation of Negative Emotions and Stress of People Choosing the Profession of an Investigator [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2023. Vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 1–26. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2023130101. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Anikeeva N.V., Parshutin I.A. Issledovanie volevoi sfery lichnosti kursantov, obuchayushchikhsya v obrazovatel'nykh organizatsiyakh MVD Rossii otkrytogo i zakrytogo tipov [The study of the volitional sphere of the personality of cadets studying in educational institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia of open and closed types] Elektronnyi resurs [Electronic resource] // Psikhologiya i parvo = Psychology and Law 2018. Tom 8. № 4, рр. 142–154. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2018080413 (In Russ.).
  2. Bovin B.G. Psikhologicheskaya model' professional'noi prigodnosti k operativno-rozysknoi deyatel'nosti [Psychological model of professional suitability for operational-search activity] Elektronnyi resurs [Electronic resource] // Psikhologiya i parvo = Psychology and Law. 2021. Tom 11. № 4., pp. 126–137. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2021110409 (In Russ.).
  3. Borisova S.E. Professional'naya deformatsiya lichnosti sotrudnikov operativnykh podrazdelenii organov vnutrennikh del i ee profilaktika [Professional deformation of the personality of employees of operational units of internal affairs bodies and its prevention] Elektronnyi resurs [Electronic resource] // Psikhologiya i parvo = Psychology and Law. 2017. Tom 7. № 2., рр. 1–18. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2017060201 (In Russ.).
  4. Burtsev A.O., Efimkina N.V., Kudinov S.I., Pozin A.I. Issledovanie samorealizatsii sotrudnikov organov vnutrennikh del Rossiiskoi Federatsii [Study of self-realization of employees of the internal affairs bodies of the Russian Federation] Elektronnyi resurs [Electronic resource] // Psikhologiya i parvo = Psychology and Law. 2021. Tom 11. № 1., pp. 90–105. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2021110108 (In Russ.).
  5. Vachkov I.V., Molchanova D.V. Metafora professional'nogo samoopredeleniya: vzaimosvyaz' individual'no-lichnostnykh kharakteristik i vybora professii [Metaphor of professional self-determination: the relationship between individual and personal characteristics and the choice of a profession] Elektronnyi resurs [Electronic resource] // Psikhologiya i parvo = Psychology and Law. 2018. Tom 8. № 2., pp. 77–88. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2018080206 (In Russ.).
  6. Vinogradov M.V., Ul'yanina O.A. Osnovnye napravleniya psikhologicheskoi raboty s kursantami i slushatelyami, a takzhe sotrudnikami, vpervye prinyatymi na sluzhbu, v period professional'nogo obucheniya v obrazovatel'nykh organizatsiyakh sistemy MVD Rossii [The main directions of psychological work with cadets and students, as well as employees who were first recruited for service, during the period of vocational training in educational institutions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs] (Chast' 2) Elektronnyi resurs [Electronic resource] // Psikhologiya i parvo = Psychology and Law. 2019. Tom 9. № 3., pp. 245–260. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2019090318 (In Russ.).
  7. Vinogradov M.V., Ul'yanina O.A. Osnovnye napravleniya psikhologicheskoi raboty s kursantami i slushatelyami, a takzhe sotrudnikami, vpervye prinyatymi na sluzhbu, v period professional'nogo obucheniya, v obrazovatel'nykh organizatsiyakh sistemy MVD Rossii [The main directions of psychological work with cadets and students, as well as employees who were first recruited for service, during the period of vocational training, in educational organizations of the system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia] (Chast' 1) Elektronnyi resurs [Electronic resource] // Psikhologiya i parvo = Psychology and Law. 2019. Tom 9. № 2., pp. 1–14. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2019090201 (In Russ.).
  8. Goncharova N.A., Kalashnik A.A. , Sitnikov V.L. Sravnitel'nyi analiz vyrazhennosti svoistv, limitiruyushchikh professional'nuyu psikhologicheskuyu prigodnost' sotrudnikov organov vnutrennikh del [Comparative analysis of the severity of properties that limit the professional psychological suitability of employees of internal affairs bodies] Elektronnyi resurs [Electronic resource] // Psikhologiya i parvo = Psychology and Law. 2021. Tom 11. № 2., pp. 17–25. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2021110202 (In Russ.).
  9. Goncharova N.A., Kostyleva I.V. Psikhologicheskie osobennosti aksiologicheskoi nadezhnosti sotrudnikov organov vnutrennikh del na razlichnykh stadiyakh professiogeneza [Psychological features of the axiological reliability of employees of internal affairs bodies at various stages of professiogenesis] Elektronnyi resurs [Electronic resource] // Psikhologiya i parvo = Psychology and Law. 2018. Tom 8. № 3., pp. 25–33. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2018080302 (In Russ.).
  10. Gordeeva T.O. Psikhologiya motivatsii dostizheniya [Psychology of achievement motivation] Moscow. Smysl; Izdatel'skii tsentr «Akademiya», 2006. (In Russ.).
  11. Zeligman M.E.P. Kak nauchit'sya optimizmu [How to learn optimism] Moscow. Veche; "Persei", 1997. (In Russ.).
  12. Koval'chishina S.V. Kompleksnaya modul'naya sistema preduprezhdeniya professional'nykh destruktsii sledovatelei v khode ikh professional'nogo stanovleniya [A complex modular system for preventing professional destruction of investigators in the course of their professional development] Elektronnyi resurs [Electronic resource] // Psikhologiya i parvo = Psychology and Law. 2017. Tom 7. № 2., pp. 71–80. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2017060206 (In Russ.).
  13. Kravchenko Yu.E. Psikhologiya emotsii (klassicheskie i sovremennye teorii i issledovaniya) [Psychology of emotions (classical and modern theories and studies)] Moscow. Forum, 2012. (In Russ.).
  14. Kryukova T.L., Kuftyak E.V. Oprosnik sposobov sovladaniya (adaptatsiya metodiki WCQ) [Questionnaire of ways of coping (adaptation of the WCQ methodology)] Zhurnal prakticheskogo psikhologa [Journal of Practical Psychology] 2007. No 3, pp. 93-112. (In Russ.).
  15. Lyusin D.V. Novaya metodika dlya izmereniya emotsional'nogo intellekta: oprosnik EmIn [A new method for measuring emotional intelligence: the EmIn questionnaire] Psikhologicheskaya diagnostika [Psychological diagnostics], 2006. No 4, pp. 3-22. (In Russ.).
  16. Moskovskaya M.S., Kotel'nikova D.A., Dubinskii A.A. Osobennosti regulyatsii deyatel'nosti u sotrudnikov sledstvennykh organov (kliniko-psikhologicheskii, neiropsikhologicheskii i gendernyi aspekty) [Peculiarities of the regulation of activity among employees of investigative bodies (clinical-psychological, neuropsychological and gender aspects)] Elektronnyi resurs [Electronic resource] // Psikhologiya i parvo = Psychology and Law. 2017. Tom 7. № 3, pp. 83–96. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2017070307 (In Russ.).
  17. Ratinov A.R. Sudebnaya psikhologiya dlya sledovatelei [Forensic psychology for investigators] Moscow. «Yurlitinform», 2001. (In Russ.).
  18. Rogachev V.A., Konopleva I.N. Analiticheskii obzor issledovanii po probleme neopredelennosti i izucheniya koping-strategii u sotrudnikov pravookhranitel'nykh organov [Analytical review of research on the problem of uncertainty and the study of coping strategies among law enforcement officers] Elektronnyi resurs [Electronic resource] // Psikhologiya i parvo = Psychology and Law. 2018. Tom 8. № 1, pp. 26–43. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2018080103 (In Russ.).
  19. Rogachev V.A., Konopleva I.N. Tolerantnost' k neopredelennosti i vybor koping-strategii u sotrudnikov pravookhranitel'nykh organov [Tolerance to uncertainty and choice of coping strategies among law enforcement officers] Elektronnyi resurs [Electronic resource] // Psikhologiya i parvo = Psychology and Law. 2017. Tom 7. № 4, pp. 106–126. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2017070409 Rossii (Chast' 2) Elektronnyi resurs [Electronic resource] // Psikhologiya i parvo = Psychology and Law. 2019. Tom 9. № 3, pp. 245–260. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2019090318 (In Russ.).
  20. Rudina L.M. Individual'no-psikhologicheskie osobennosti adaptivnosti zhenshchin k sostoyaniyu beremennosti: dis. … kand. psikhol. nauk. IP RAN [Individual-psychological features of women's adaptability to the state of pregnancy: dis. … cand. psychol. Sciences. IP RAS], Moscow, 2003. (In Russ.).
  21. Rudneva E.N. Professional'naya identichnost' – osnova stanovleniya professionala [Professional identity is the basis for becoming a professional] Vestnik samarskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta. Seriya Psikhologo-pedagogicheskie nauki [Bulletin of the Samara State Technical University. Series Psychological and pedagogical sciences.] 2007, 2(18). (In Russ.).
  22. Smirnov V.P. Psikhologicheskie aspekty professional'noi deyatel'nosti sledovatelei i gosudarstvennykh obvinitelei [Psychological aspects of the professional activity of investigators and public prosecutors] Vestnik SPbgu MVD Rossii [Bulletin of St. Petersburg State University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia], №2 (42), 2009, pp. 237-241. (In Russ.).
  23. Shneider L.B. Lichnostnaya, gendernaya i professional'naya identichnost'. Teoriya i metody diagnostiki [Personal, gender and professional identity. Theory and methods of diagnostics] Moscow. MPSI, 2007. (In Russ.).
  24. Lazarus R.S., Opton E.Jr., Nomikos M.S., Rankin N.O. The principle of short-circuiting of threat. Further evidence. Journal of Personality, 1965, 33, 622-635.

Information About the Authors

Yunna E. Kravchenko, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Associate Professor, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3351-123X, e-mail: asunaro@mail.ru

Oleg G. Kravtsov, PhD in Psychology, Docent, Associate Professor, Department of Legal Psychology, V.Ya. Kikot’ Moscow University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8875-0169, e-mail: kravtsovog@gmail.com

Alena Shchepanskaya, Bachelor, Faculty of Liberal Arts, Institute of Social Sciences, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0652-6460, e-mail: alena.schep@yandex.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 466
Previous month: 35
Current month: 19

Downloads

Total: 152
Previous month: 7
Current month: 19