Cyberaggression and Сyberbullying in Forensic Practice

135

Abstract

The paper analyzes materials with the phenomena of cyberaggression and cyberbullying on the topic of history, received for a comprehensive forensic psycholinguistic study on the example of the cases received by the Moscow State Budgetary Institution “Moscow Research Centre”. The aim of the work is to describe the structural and the content characteristics of the information material with signs of cyberaggression. The structural characteristics include the features of the communication process, such as the function of an addressee and an addresser, the type of a message, the encoding and the channel of information, the purpose and the result of communication; the content psychological characteristics, taking into account various options for cyberaggression (flaming, trolling, hating, cyberstalking, cyberbullying, etc.), are the following: the type of the communicative situation presented in the material, the methods of psychological influence, the socio-psychological orientation of the material. The characteristics presented in the article will allow structuring the conduct of psychological and linguistic research on information materials in line with the study of cyberaggression, expand the possibilities of a comprehensive forensic psycholinguistic study on information materials.

General Information

Keywords: cyberaggression, cyberbullying, psychological violence, complex forensic psychological and linguistic expertise, psychological research of informational materials

Journal rubric: Methodological Problems of Legal Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2023130311

Received: 29.03.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Blinova D.N., Gurina O.D. Cyberaggression and Сyberbullying in Forensic Practice [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2023. Vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 150–160. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2023130311. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Babuk A.V. Fleiming kak instrument razzhiganiya rechevogo konflikta v internet-diskurse [Flaming as a speech conflict inciting tool in internet-discourse] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Rossiiskii deviantologicheskii zhurnal = Russian Journal of Deviant Behavior, 2022. Vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 85–92. doi:10.35750/2713-0622-2022-1-85-92 (In Russ.).
  2. Bochaver A.A., Khlomov K.D. Kiberbulling: travlya v prostranstve sovremennykh tekhnologii [Cyberbullying: Harassment in the Space of Modern Technologies]. Zhurnal Vysshei shkoly ekonomiki = Psychology. Journal of the Higher School of Economics, 2014. Vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 177–191. (In Russ.).
  3. Volkova E.N., Volkova I.V., Golubovskaya A.S. Obzor zarubezhnykh issledovanii po probleme kiberbullinga sredi podrostkov i molodezhi [Review of foreign studies on the problem of cyberbullying among adolescents and youth]. Teoreticheskaya i eksperimental’naya psikhologiya = Тheoretical and Experimental Psychology, 2019. Vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 71–81. (In Russ.).
  4. Vorontsova T.A. Trolling i fleiming: rechevaya agressiya v internet-kommunikatsii [Trolling and flaming: speech aggression in the internet communication]. Vestnik Udmurtskogo universiteta. Seriya Istoriya i filologiya = Bulletin of Udmurt University. Series History and Philology, 2016. Vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 109–116. (In Russ.).
  5. Gulevich O.A. Psikhologiya kommunikatsii. Moscow: Moskovskii psikhologo-sotsial’nyi institut, 2007. 384 p. (In Russ.).
  6. Daishutov M.M., Dineka V.I., Denisenko M.V. Psikhicheskoe nasilie v ugolovnom prave [Mental abuse in criminal law] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Vestnik Moskovskogo universiteta MVD Rossii = Vestnik of Moscow University of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, 2019, no. 3, pp. 77–81. doi:10.24411/2073-0454-2019-10138
  7. Dozortseva E.G., Kiryukhina D.V. Proyavleniya otklonyayushchegosya onlain-povedeniya i ego diagnostika. In Dvoryanchikov N.V., Rubtsova O.V. (eds.). Otklonyayushcheesya onlain-povedenie podrostkov i molodykh vzroslykh v sotsial’nykh setyakh: Uchebnoe posobie. Moscow: FGBOU VO MGPPU Publ., 2022, pp. 77–93 (In Russ.).
  8. Kopylova O.P., Medvedeva S.V., Kalashnikova Yu.V. Kiberbulling v sovremennykh usloviyakh: vozmozhnosti pravovogo regulirovaniya [Cyber Bulling in Modern Conditions: Possibilities of Legal Regulation] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Pravo: istoriya i sovremennost’ = Law: history and modernity, 2021, no. 1 (14), pp. 97–103. doi:10.17277/pravo.2021.01.pp.097-103 (In Russ.).
  9. Krukovsky V.E., Mosechkin I.N. O formakh nefizicheskogo (psikhologicheskogo) nasiliya v ugolovnom zakonodatel’stve Rossii [On Forms of Non-Physical (Psychological) Violence in the Criminal Legislation of Russia] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i parvo = Psychology and Law, 2020. Vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 171–182. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2020100115 (In Russ.).
  10. Kukushkina O.V., Safonova Yu.A., Sekerazh T.N. Metodika provedeniya sudebnoi psikhologo-lingvisticheskoi ekspertizy materialov po delam, svyazannym s protivodeistviem ekstremizmu i terrorizmu [Method of conducting complex forensic psychological and linguistic examination on cases related to counteraction to extremism and terrorism] [Elektronnyi resurs]. 2nd ed. Moscow: FBU RFTsSE pri Minyuste Rossii Publ., 2022. 108 p. doi:10.30764/978-5-91133-245-7-2022-11 (In Russ.).
  11. Makarova E.A., Makarova E.L., Mahrina E.A. Psikhologicheskie osobennosti kiberbullinga kak formy internet-prestupleniya [Psychological Features of Cyberbullying as a Form of Internet Crime] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Rossiiskii psikhologicheskii zhurnal = Russian Psychological  Journal, 2016. Vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 293–311. doi:10.21702/rpj.2016.3.17 (In Russ.).
  12. Mosechkin I.N. Distantsionnoe psikhicheskoe nasilie: perspektivy sovershenstvovaniya ugolovnogo zakonodatel’stva [Distant Psychological Violence: Prospects for Improvement of Criminal Legislation] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i parvo = Psychology and Law, 2021. Vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 64–76. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2021110405 (In Russ.).
  13. Sekerazh T.N. Sudebnaya psikhologicheskaya ekspertiza informatsionnykh materialov: teoriya i praktika: Monografiya [Psychological forensic examination of information material: theory and practice] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Moscow: FBU RFTsSE pri Minyuste Rossii, 2021. 406 p. doi:10.30764/978-5-91133-231-0-2021-13 (In Russ.).
  14. Sekerazh T.N. O terminakh i ponyatiyakh, otrazhayushchikh yavleniya internet-kommunikatsii po delam o narushenii polovoi neprikosnovennosti nesovershennoletnikh [On the Terms and Concepts Reflecting the Phenomena of Internet Communication on the Cases of Violation of Minors’ Sexual Integrity] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Teoriya i praktika sudebnoi ekspertizy = Theory and Practice of Forensic Science, 2022. Vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 130–136. doi:10.30764/1819-2785-2022-1-130-136 (In Russ.).
  15. Soldatova G.U., Rasskazova E.I., Chigarkova S.V. Vidy kiberagressii: opyt podrostkov i molodezhi [Types of cyberaggression: adolescents and youth experience] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Natsional’nyi psikhologicheskii zhurnal = National Psychological Journal, 2020, no. 2 (38), pp. 3–20. doi:10.11621/npj.20200201 (In Russ.).
  16. Timoshkina V.A. Kiberstalking: sovremennoe sostoyanie i mery protivodeistviya na dosudebnykh stadiyakh ugolovnogo protsessa [Cyberstalking: the current state and counteraction measures at the pre-trial stages of the criminal process]. Vestnik Ural’skogo yuridicheskogo instituta MVD Rossii = Bulletin of the Ural Law Institute of the Ministry of the Interior of Russia, 2023, no. 1, pp. 26–30. (In Russ.).
  17. Khlomov K.D., Davydov D.G., Bochaver A.A. Kiberbulling v opyte rossiiskikh podrostkov [Cyberbullying in the Experience of Russian Teenagers] [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i parvo = Psychology and Law, 2019. Vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 276–295. doi:10.17759/psylaw.2019090219 (In Russ.).
  18. Brandau M., Ray S. Caring for the Digital Generation: Understanding Electronic Aggression. Journal of Pediatric Health Care, 2021. Vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 132–140. doi:10.1016/j.pedhc.2020.07.010
  19. Chun J., Lee J., Kim J., Lee S. An international systematic review of cyberbulling measurements. Computers in Human Behavior, 2020. Vol. 113, pp. 1–12. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2020.106485
  20. Coles B.A., West M. Trolling the trolls: Online forums users constructions of the nature and properties of trolling. Computers in Human Behavior, 2016. Vol. 60, pp. 233–244. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2016.02.070
  21. Drury B., Drury S.M., Rahman Md A., Ullah I. A social network of crime: A review of the use of social networks for crime and the detection of crime. Online Social Networks and Media, 2022. Vol. 30, no. 1. doi:10.1016/j.osnem.2022.100211
  22. Foody M., Samara M., Carlbring P. A review of cyberbullying and suggestion for online psychological therapy. Internet Interventions, 2015. Vol. 2. P. 235–242. doi:10.1016/j.invent.2015.05.002
  23. Kaur P., Dhir A., Tandon A., Alzeiby E. A., Abohassan A.A. A systematic literature review on cyberstalking. An analysis of past achievements and future promises. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 2021. Vol. 163. doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2020.120426
  24. Mardianto, Hanurawan , Chusniyah T., Rahmawati H., Nurmina, Pratama M. Understanding Cyber Aggression in Social Media Users with the Social Psychological Paradigm. Global Conferences Series: Sciences and Technology, 2020. Vol. 4, pp. 12–18. doi:10.32698/GCS-PSTRS387
  25. Menin D., Guarini A., Mameli C., Skrzpiec G., Brighi A. Was that (cyber)bullying? Investigating the operational definitions of bullying and cyberbullying from adolescents’ perspective. International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology, 2021. Vol. 21, no. 2. doi:10.1016/j.ijchp.2021.100221
  26. Olweus D. Cyberbullying: A critical overview. In Bushman B.J. (ed). Aggression and Violence: A Social Psychological Perspective. New York, 2017, pp. 225–240.

Information About the Authors

Daria N. Blinova, Main Expert, Moscow Research Center, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0439-7311, e-mail: semenova_d_n@mail.ru

Oksana D. Gurina, PhD in Psychology, Main Expert, Moscow Research Center, Associate Professor, Department of Legal Psychology and Law, Faculty of Legal Psyсhology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4369-5450, e-mail: godgur@yandex.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 324
Previous month: 41
Current month: 29

Downloads

Total: 135
Previous month: 8
Current month: 10