Emotional Intelligence and Empathy in the Self-Regulation of the Activities of Law Enforcement Officers

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Abstract

В статье обсуждаются особенности эмоционального интеллекта, эмпатии и саморегуляции у сотрудников органов внутренних дел. Цель исследования состояла в определении гендерных и возрастных особенностей данных явлений, структуры их взаимосвязей и влияний. Выборка была представлена сотрудниками полиции Санкт-Петербурга и Ленинградской области общим количеством респондентов 156 человек (мужчины: n = 89; женщины: n = 67). Методы: «Опросник эмоционального интеллекта “ЭмИн”» Д.В. Люсина, «Методика диагностики уровня эмпатических способностей» В.В. Бойко. В результате исследования установлен значимо высокий уровень (при р ≤ 0,05) эмоционального интеллекта у представителей мужской выборки по сравнению с женской, преимущество эмпатических способностей в женской выборке, более высокий уровень эмпатии у представителей младшей группы мужской выборки (18—20 лет). Выявлены особенности взаимосвязей эмоционального интеллекта и эмпатии, обсуждена их роль в эмоциональной саморегуляции. Корреляции, отражающие возможности сознательного эмоционального самоуправления, позволяют прогнозировать стабильность саморегуляции у представителей женской выборки в зависимости от внутренних аспектов, и регуляцию чужих эмоций в зависимости от коммуникативных внешних факторов у представителей группы мужской выборки.

General Information

Keywords: emotional intelligence, empathy, self-regulation, law enforcement officers, emotional competencies, gender differences, professional activity

Journal rubric: Methodological Problems of Legal Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2024140107

Received: 29.06.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Goncharova N.A., Zhidkova O.A. Emotional Intelligence and Empathy in the Self-Regulation of the Activities of Law Enforcement Officers [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2024. Vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 107–120. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2024140107. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Natalia A. Goncharova, PhD in Psychology, Docent, Associate Professor of the Department of Legal Psychology, Saint Petersburg University of the Ministry of the Interior of Russia, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0795-4969, e-mail: goncharova_n@bk.ru

Olga A. Zhidkova, Senior Lecturer, Department of Legal Psychology, Saint Petersburg University of the Ministry of the Interior of Russia, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5446-1772, e-mail: olgingi@yandex.ru

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