Features of Criminal Behavior of the Accused of the Particularly Serious Crime with Violations of Programming, Regulation and Control Functions of Mental Activity (Part 2)

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Abstract

The purpose of our study was the features of criminal behavior of the accused in the commission of particularly serious crimes in the context of the formation functions of programming and control. The sample consisted of 59 men aged 18—60 years, of those accused of committing particularly serious crimes aimed at a forensic psychiatric examination, the average age was 33.7 years. The methods of neuropsychological examination and psychological analysis of criminal cases were used. Syndrome of defeat of the basal divisions of the frontal lobes, prefrontal syndrome, syndrome of defeat of the medial divisions of the frontal lobes, Postfrontal (premotor) syndrome is most often seen among persons accused of particularly serious crimes. The criminal behavior of the accused in the Commission of particularly serious crimes was characterized by uncritical damage to the basal parts of the frontal lobes. The impulsivity is the main characteristic of the criminal behavior of the accused in especially serious crimes with the defeat of the prefrontal frontal lobe (prefrontal syndrome). Subjects with the defeat of the kinetic (dynamic) factor differed greater rigidity of criminal behavior. The behavior of those accused of committing particularly serious crimes was passive (energy-saving) in violation of the energy factor in the case of damage to the medial parts of the frontal lobes. The obtained results can be used to solve the issues of drawing a portrait of an unknown criminal, as well as in the course of correctional work with persons prone to repeat illegal behavior.

General Information

Keywords: delinquent personality, especially serious crimes, criminal behavior, programming, regulation and control functions, neuropsychological syndromes

Journal rubric: Forensic and Clinical Psychology in Legal Context

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2024140112

Received: 01.02.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Kashirskiy D.V., Staroseltseva O.V. Features of Criminal Behavior of the Accused of the Particularly Serious Crime with Violations of Programming, Regulation and Control Functions of Mental Activity (Part 2) [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2024. Vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 183–196. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2024140112. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Dmitry V. Kashirskiy, Doctor of Psychology, Docent, Professor of Psychology Department, Russian State Social University, professor, Department of Psychology and Human Capital Development, Financial University under the Government of the Russian Federation., Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8251-2653, e-mail: psymath@mail.ru

Olga V. Staroseltseva, Clinical Psychologist, Office Stationery is Judicial-psychiatric Examinations of Persons in Custody, Altai Regional Clinical Psychiatric Hospital named after Yu.K. Erdmann, Barnaul, Barnaul, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4860-8712, e-mail: kuznetsova_olga.1988@mail.ru

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