Value Orientations of Persons That Commit Economic Crimes and Crimes in the Field of Computer Information

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Abstract

Taking into account the growth of economic crimes in Russia in recent years, and especially in the field of computer information, the article presents the materials of studying the value orientations of those who commit them. The data obtained on the basis of the “Value Orientations” method by M. Rokeach indicate a statistically significant contrast in the value preferences of the surveyed subjects who committed economic crimes (according to Section VIII of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation) and crimes in the field of computer information (Chapter 28 of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation), and both in terms of individual priorities for terminal values and for the rank statuses of many diverse instrumental values. It is revealed that there is also the closeness of value profiles in the surveyed contrasting subjects of the crimes, which is primarily due to the characteristics of the defectiveness of their moral and legal consciousness: in particular, when ranking terminal values, “creativity” and “the happiness of others” are in the last places in the hierarchy of value preferences, and among instrumental values, the rank weight of a number of socially significant values — “honesty” , “sensitivity”, “tolerance” — is downgraded. Taking into account the results obtained, as well as data on previously conducted domestic and foreign publications, scientifically significant guidelines for the implementation of prevention and for further research have been substantiated.

General Information

Keywords: motive, value, meaning, value orientations of the individual, selfish motivation, economic crimes, cybercrimes

Journal rubric: Forensic and Clinical Psychology in Legal Context

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2024140111

Received: 15.06.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Pozdnyakov V.M., Petrov V.E., Deulin D.V. Value Orientations of Persons That Commit Economic Crimes and Crimes in the Field of Computer Information [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2024. Vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 168–182. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2024140111. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Vyacheslav M. Pozdnyakov, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Professor, Chair of Scientific Foundations of Extreme Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9487-4435, e-mail: pozdnyakov53@mail.ru

Vladislav E. Petrov, PhD in Psychology, Docent, Associate Professorof the Department of Scientific Bases of Extreme Psychology, Faculty of Extreme Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7854-4807, e-mail: v.e.petrov@yandex.ru

Dmitry V. Deulin, PhD in Psychology, Docent, Associate Professor, Department of Scientific Foundations of Extreme Psychology, Faculty of Extreme Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6517-5061, e-mail: ddeulin@yandex.ru

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