Motivational Personality Sphere and Psychoemotional Features in Patients with Drug Addiction Disorders at Different Stages of the Treatment and Rehabilitation Process (Part I)

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Abstract

The aim of the study was to analyze dynamic changes in the motivational and psychoemotional features of patients with drug addiction disorders at different stages of the treatment and rehabilitation process (TRP). The study involved 226 patients (163 men and 63 women) with narcological disorders. The following scales were used: Socrates, DASS-21 and GSE. Using the Socrates scale, results were obtained indicating: 1) significantly higher scores on the Ambivalence subscale at the early and recovery stages of the TRP in patients diagnosed with alcohol dependence (p≤0.05); 2) significantly higher scores on the total score (p≤0.001), the Ambivalence subscale (p≤0.05), and the Action subscale (p≤0.05) (p≤0.05) at the restorative and stabilizing stages of LRP, typical for women. Evaluation of the features of the DASS-21 revealed: 1) the presence of signs of moderate depression in patients with drug dependence (p≤0.01) and mild stress (p≤0.01) at the early stage of TRP were determined; 2) at the restorative stage of TRP, a higher level of depression (p≤0.01), anxiety (p≤0.05) and stress (p≤0.001) was detected in the group of patients with drug dependence. The analysis of the results obtained will make it possible to provide targeted assistance to patients with drug use disorders and increase the effectiveness of psychological and psychotherapeutic interventions in clinical practice.

General Information

Keywords: drug addiction disorders, alcohol dependence, drug addiction, patient, motivation, self-efficacy, psychoemotional features, treatment and rehabilitation process

Journal rubric: Interdisciplinary Studies

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2024140215

Funding. The study was conducted on the basis of National Research Center on Addictions — branch, V.P. Serbsky National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation within the framework of the State task “Development of personalized treatment and medical rehabilitation programs for patients with substance dependence syndrome taking into account their clinical, neurophysiological and genetic profile in inpatient settings with determination of the influence of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) on remission for-mation”.

Received: 17.01.2024

Accepted:

For citation: Fadeeva E.V., Lanovaya A.M. Motivational Personality Sphere and Psychoemotional Features in Patients with Drug Addiction Disorders at Different Stages of the Treatment and Rehabilitation Process (Part I) [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2024. Vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 199–218. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2024140215. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Eugenia V. Fadeeva, PhD in Psychology, Head, Department of Preventive Care, V.P. Serbsky National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Associate Professor, Department of Clinical and Forensic Psychology, Faculty of Legal and Foren-sic Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education; Associate Researcher, De-partment of Treatment of Inpatients with Addictive Disorders, V.M. Bekhterev National Medical Research Center for Psychiatry and Neurology, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5411-9611, e-mail: nscnfadeeva@mail.ru

Alesya M. Lanovaya, Researcher of the Department of Preventive Care, V.P. Serbsky National Medical Research Centre for Psychiatry and Narcology of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4255-7953, e-mail: alesya.lan@gmail.com

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