Tendency Towards Psychologization in Assessing Public Danger

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Abstract

The article reflects the results of a study of controversial issues of assessing public danger. Conclusions are drawn about the current trend towards psychologization in the assessment of social danger, both in law enforcement practice and in expert activities in assessing the danger of a person to himself or others. The author considers psychologization as a negative phenomenon, comparable to a violation of the boundaries of the professional competence of psychologists. This phenomenon, according to the author, “erodes” the criteria for an objective assessment of social danger due to the introduced subjective signs - the danger of the person who committed the crime. The article notes that the category “public danger” is a conventional criminal law category that does not fully coincide with the generally accepted interpretation of this term. The author believes that the legislative interpretation of concepts is a priority in the research of legal psychology (as opposed to other branches of psychology) and expert practice. The article points out that from the methodological aspects, psychologization is a reduction (reduction) of the complex to the simple, a violation of the laws of logic. The tendency towards psychologization can lead to the state starting to fight not against crimes, but against persons accused of committing crimes.

General Information

Keywords: psychologization, public danger, personal danger, risk of dangerous behavior

Journal rubric: Methodological Problems of Legal Psychology

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/psylaw.2024140207

Received: 29.01.2024

Accepted:

For citation: Ilyina V.A. Tendency Towards Psychologization in Assessing Public Danger [Elektronnyi resurs]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2024. Vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 92–102. DOI: 10.17759/psylaw.2024140207. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Valentina A. Ilyina, PhD in Psychology, Docent, Associate Professor, Chair of Organization and Methods of Criminal Prosecution of the Irkutsk Law Institute, University of the Prosecutor’s Office of the Russian Federation, Irkutsk, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6492-3678, e-mail: avapeter@mail.ru

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