Cognitive maps influence over driving strategies in Russia: analyzing Driving Anger Expression Inventory (DAX) and Dula Dangerous Driving Index (DDDI) factors



This article summarizes our investigation of drivers cognitive maps and its influence over their behavior. 182 subjects participated in our research, i.e. 97 professional drivers, 85 car enthusiasts, 156 men and 26 women, 20—66 years old, mileage about 3—150 thousands kilometers per year. Questionnaire “Dula Dangerous Driving Index” was used on Russian subjects for the first time ever. Our results show that subjects’ need for get their rocks off when they are angered (or suspicious, or failed to trust the world around) and aggressive behavior during driving are correlated. Most drivers feel emotional tension during driving and use some self-regulation techniques to decrease the tension stabilize their emotional state. The following factors were found to correlate with one’s aggressive behavior on the road: feeling suspicious of world/self/others, low level of self-acceptance, external locus of control.

General Information

Keywords: cognitive cards, driving strategies, DAX, DDDI

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article


Funding. This work was supported by grant RFH № 15-06-10881

For citation: Chetverikova A.I., Ermolaev V.V., Tkachenko O.N. Cognitive maps influence over driving strategies in Russia: analyzing Driving Anger Expression Inventory (DAX) and Dula Dangerous Driving Index (DDDI) factors. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2017. Vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 107–122. DOI: 10.17759/sps.2017080408. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


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Information About the Authors

Alena I. Chetverikova, Quality Control Director, LLC Center of Innovative Technologies, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Viktor V. Ermolaev, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Chair of Labor Psychology and Psychological Counseling, Moscow Pedagogical State University, Chief Executive Officer, LLC ALGA, Voronezh, Russia, Moscow, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

Olga N. Tkachenko, PhD in Biology, researcher, Laboratory of sleep and wakefulness neurobiology, Institute of Higher Nervous Activity and Neurophysiology of RAS, Protvino, Russia, e-mail:



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