The problem of the conceptualization of context in modern psychology

1512

Abstract

Modern psychology is characterised by its interest to a topic of context, based on a growing influence of changing reality’s factors. In connection with this, the actual task is a conceptualisation of a context as a differentiation of basic units of its description. Modern psychology proceeds from multidimensionality of human existence world. The article describes situational, vital and existential contexts presented in different fields of psychology. The situational context has the oldest traditions of its description in psychology, related to search of explanatory models of relations between situational and personal determinants in human behaviour. In the situational level studies, a reality is reduced to a specific situation, a concept of situation is a basic one, describing an interaction of a person with an outside world. Descriptions of life context in psychology are represented by two areas — descriptions of a world of person’s everyday life and his/her way of life; respectively the concepts of social situation and life space of person are proposed to be considered as the units of analysis. The existential context being irreducible in Russian psychology to person’s life way and his/her everyday life, is a subject of attention in psychology of human existence and existential psychology. The concept of life-world can be a unit of existential level description.

General Information

Keywords: concept, levels of concepts, situation, social situation, life space, life-world

Journal rubric: Theoretical Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/sps.2018090302

For citation: Grishina N.V. The problem of the conceptualization of context in modern psychology. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2018. Vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 10–20. DOI: 10.17759/sps.2018090302. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

  1. Berger P., Lukman T. Social’noe konstruirovanie real’nosti. [Social construction of reality]. Moscow: Academia-centr, Medium, 1995. 334 p.
  2. Grishina N.V., Kostromina S.N., Mironenko I.A. Struktura problemnogo polja sovremennoj psihologii lichnosti [Structure of problematic field of modern personality psychology]. Psihologicheskij zhurnal. [Psychological journal], 2018. Vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 26—35.
  3. Znakov V.V. Psihologija ponimanija: Problemy i perspektivy. [Psychology of understsnding: problems and perspectives]. Moscow: Institut psihologii RAN, 2005. 488 p.
  4. Marcinkovskaja T.D. Psihologija povsednevnosti: oksjumoron ili novyj trend psihologii. [Psychology of everyday life: an oxymoron or a new trend in psychology]. Psihologicheskie issledovanija, [Psychological studies], 2017. , Vol. 10, no. 56, pp. 1. URL: http://psystudy.ru (Accessed 5.03.2018)
  5. Men’shikova L.V., Levchenko E.V. Ob istorii stanovlenija ponjatija «zhiznennyj mir» v psihologii [About the historical formation of the concept of the «life-world» in psychology]. Vestnik SPbGU. [Vestnik of Saint-Petersburg University] Ser. 16. 2015, no. 2, pp. 4—9.
  6. Petrovskij V.A. Chelovek nad situaciej. [The Man above the situation]. Moscow: Smysl, 2010. 559 p.
  7. Rubinshtejn S.L. Bytie i soznanie. Chelovek i mir [Being and Consciousness. Man and World]. Saint-Petersburg: Piter, 2003. 512 p.
  8. Hekkauzen H. Motivacija i dejatel’nost’.[Motivation and activity]. T. 1. Moscow: Pedagogika, 1986. 408 p.
  9. Argyle M., Furnham A., Graham J. Social Situations. Cambridge univ. press. 1981. 407 p.
  10. Environmental Psychology: An Introduction. / Ed. by L.Steg, A.van den Berg, J.de Groot. Chichester, West Sussex; Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell, 2013. 376 p.
  11. Field Theory in Social Science / Ed. by D. Cartwright. New York, 1963. 346 p.
  12. Giordano P. Individual personality is best understood as process, not structure: A Confucian-inspired perspective. Culture and Psychology, 2017. Vol. 23, Is. 4, pp. 502— 518. doi: 10.1177/1354067X17692118
  13. Journal of Personality. Special Issue: Status of the Trait Concept in Contemporary Personality Psychology. February, 2018. Vol. 86, Is. 1, 123 p.
  14. Toward a Psychology of Situations: An Interactional Perspective. In D. Magnusson, David Magnusson (ed.). New Jersey: Hillsdate, 1981. 465 p.
  15. Uher J. Conceiving “personality”: psychologist’s challenges and basic fundamentals of the Transdisciplinary Philosophy-of-Science Paradigm for Research on Individuals. Integrative Psychological and Behavioral Science, 2015. Vol. 49, Is. 3, pp. 398—458. doi: 10.1007/s12124-014-9283-1.
  16. Webster G.D. The person-situation interaction is increasingly outpacing the person-situation debate in the scientific literature: A 30-year analysis of publication trends, 1978—2007. Journal of Research in Personality, 2009. Vol. 43, Is. 2, рр. 278—279. doi: 10.1016/j.jrp.2008.12.030

Information About the Authors

Nataliya V. Grishina, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Department of Personality Psychology, Saint-Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6763-7389, e-mail: n.v.grishina@spbu.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 2038
Previous month: 30
Current month: 16

Downloads

Total: 1512
Previous month: 26
Current month: 10