Research of the problem of “masculinity crisis” in the gender picture of the world of modern youth by the focus group method



The potential of qualitative methods in studying the image of the human world in General and the gender picture of the world in particular is considered. The necessity of using qualitative methods that make it possible to explore both the result and the process of constructing the image of the world is substantiated. Students ‘ ideas about the masculinity crisis (as part of the gender picture of the world), which were obtained by the focus group method, are analyzed. The results show the ongoing transformation of traditional masculinity — in the sphere of family relations, in the division of roles and functional responsibilities between men and women, in the appearance of modern men, in the images of men in the media, in the peculiarities of the interaction between men and women. The reasons for this transformation are socio-economic factors, features of modern socialization of boys, the crisis of the institution of marriage, expressed, in particular, in the increase in the number of divorces. The article emphasizes that the” internal “implication of the formulated judgments would be difficult to” catch “ with the help of quantitative methods. Qualitative methods enhance the researcher’s ability to consider complex subjective and rapidly changing systems, such as the image of the world and, in particular, the gender picture of the world.

General Information

Keywords: image of the world, gender picture of the world, qualitative research methods, focus group, study of masculinity crisis, transformation of traditional masculinity

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Tichomandritskaya O.A., Mel’nikova O.T. Research of the problem of “masculinity crisis” in the gender picture of the world of modern youth by the focus group method. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2018. Vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 187–196. DOI: 10.17759/sps.2018090318. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Andreeva G.M. Psihologiya social’nogo poznaniya: Uchebnoe posobie dlya studentov vuzov [Psychology of social knowledge: textbook for University students]. Moscow: Aspekt Press, 2005. 303 p.
  2. Bilich G.L. Krizis maskulinnosti [Masculinity crisis]. Vestnik mezhdunarodnoj akademii nauk (russkaya sekciya) [Herald of the International Academy of Science. Russian Section], 2016 , no 1, pp. 30—34.
  3. Zdravomyslova E.A., Temkina A.A. 12 lekcij po gendernoj sociologii: uchebnoe posobie [12 lectures on gender sociology: textbook]. Saint-Petersburg: Izdatel’stvo Evropejskogo universiteta v Sankt-Peterburge, 2015. 768 p.
  4. Kon I.S. Muzhskie issledovaniya: menyayushchiesya muzhchiny v izmenyayushchemsya mire [Men’s studies: changing men in a changing world]. In ZHerebkina (ed.). Vvedenie v gendernye issledovaniya [Introduction to gender studies]. CH. 1. Har’kov: HCGI, 2001; Saint-Petersburg: Aletejya, 2001, pp. 562—606.
  5. Konnell R. Maskulinnosti i globalizaciya [Masculinities and globalization]. . Vvedenie v gendernye issledovaniya [Introduction to gender studies]. CH. 2. Hrestomatiya. Saint- Petersburg: Aletejya, 2001. pp. 251—279.
  6. Malysheva M.M. Analiz kachestvennyh dannyh v gendernyh issledovaniyah [Analysis of qualitative data in gender studies]. In M.M. Malysheva (ed.). Gendernyj kalejdoskop. Kurs lekciĭ [Gender kaleidoscope. Course of lectures]. Moscow: Academia, 2002, pp. 149—168.
  7. Mel’nikova O.T., Horoshilov D.A. Predmet kachestvennogo issledovaniya kak metodologicheskaya problema social’noj psihologii [The subject of qualitative research as a methodological problem of social psychology]. Nacional’nyj psihologicheskij zhurnal [National Psychological Journal] , 2013, no. 1(9), pp. 50—61.
  8. Morgan D. The Crisis in Masculinity. In Devis K., Evans M., Lorber J. (eds.) L.: Sage, 2006, pp. 108—125.
  9. Connell R.W. Gender and power. Sydney, Australia: Allen and Unwin, 1987. 423 p.
  10. Messner M. Politics of Masculinities. Men in Movements. L.: Sage, 1997. 160 p.

Information About the Authors

Olga A. Tichomandritskaya, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:

Olga T. Mel’nikova, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, e-mail:



Total: 1738
Previous month: 9
Current month: 0


Total: 1352
Previous month: 19
Current month: 0