Features of intergenerational differences in the life position of adolescents



In the context of the problems of intergenerational differences, the article considers the peculiarities of changes in the emotional assessment of the success of life perspectives, the formation of future plans and priorities in life values of students in primary and high schools. The work is based on a comparison of the results of monitoring questionnaires that were conducted by the staff of the CSE RAO from 1991 to 2017. The sample of respondents in 1991 was 1162 respondents, in 1996 — 1604, in 2002 — 2978, in 2017 — 11 803. When analyzing the materials, gender, age and social stratification differences are taken into account. The data were processed using mathematical statistics methods (criteria for significant differences, factor analysis). Results show that schoolchildren’s emotional assessment of the success of life prospects, the formation of future plans and value preferences largely depend on economic and political transformations in society. Using the factor analysis, five generalized oppositions have been identified, which allow an intergenerational comparison of the characteristics of students’ life positions with regard to gender, age and social stratification factors.

General Information

Keywords: intergenerational differences, adolescent, success in life, values, formation of plans, gender and age factors, financial situation

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/sps.2019100302

For citation: Sobkin V.S., Kalashnikova E.A. Features of intergenerational differences in the life position of adolescents. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2019. Vol. 10, no. 3, pp. 19–39. DOI: 10.17759/sps.2019100302. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)



  1. Bozhovich L.I. Lichnost’ i yeye formirovaniye v detskom vozraste [Personality and its formation in childhood]. St. Petersburg: Piter Publ., 2008. 398 p.
  2. Vartanova I.I. Specifics of the Relationship between Motivation and Values in High School Students of Different Sex and Age. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie [Psychological Science and Education], 2018. Vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 67—74. doi:10.17759/ pse.2018230606 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)
  3. Vygotskiy L.S. Problema obucheniya i umstvennogo razvitiya v shkol’nom vozraste. Izbrannyye psikhologicheskiye issledovaniya [The problem of learning and mental development at school age. Selected psychological studies]. Moscow: House of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of the RSFSR Publ., 1956. 520 c.
  4. Gavrilyuk V.V., Trikoz N.A. Dinamika cennostnyh orientacij v period social’noj transformacii (pokolennyj podhod) [Elektronnyj resurs] [The dynamics of value orientations in the period of social transformation (a generational approach)] Sociologicheskie issledovaniya [Sociological Studies], 2002, no. 1, pp. 96—105. Available at: http://ecsocman.hse.ru/data/611/119/1217/011.GAVRILIUK.pdf (accessed 05.04.2019).
  5. Zhilinskaya A.V., Bochaver A.A. Podxody` k postroeniyu podrostkami zhiznennogo puti [Approaches to the construction of adolescents’ life path]. Psixologicheskij Jhurnal [Psychological Journal], 2018. Vol. 39, no.1, pp. 36—45.
  6. Karabanova O.A. Ponyatie «social’naya situaciya razvitiya» v sovremennoj psihologii» [Elektronnyj resurs] [The concept of “social situation of development” in modern psychology “]. Metodologiya i istoriya psihologii [Methodology and history of psychology], 2007. Vol. 2, issue 4, pp. 41—56. Available at: http://mhp-journal.ru/upload/2007_v2_ n4/2007_v2_n4_05.pdf (accessed 05.04.2019).
  7. Marcinkovskaya T.D., Poleva N.S. Pokoleniya epohi tranzitivnosti: cennosti, identichnost’, obshchenie [Generations of the era of transitivity: values, identity, communication]. Mir psihologii [The world of psychology], 2017, no. 1, pp. 24—37.
  8. Polivanova K.N. Psihologicheskoe soderzhanie podrostkovogo vozrasta [Psychological content of adolescence]. Voprosy psihologii [Questions of psychology], 1996, no. 1, pp. 20—32.
  9. Sobkin V.S. Starsheklassnik v mire politiki. Empiricheskoe issledovanie. [High school student in the world of politics. Empirical research]. Moscow: Publ. CSE RAO, 1997. 318 p.
  10. Sobkin V.S., Abrosimova Z.B., Adamchuk D.V., Baranova Е.V. Podrostok: normy, riski, deviacii. Trudy po sociologii obrazovaniya [Teenager: norms, risks, deviacii. Labours on sociology of education]. T. X. Vol. XVII. In Sobkin V.S. (ed.). Moscow: Publ. CSE RAO, 2005. 359 р.
  11. Sobkin V.S., Adamchuk D.V. Sovremennyi uchitel’: zhiznennye i professional’nyye oriyentatsii. Trudy po sotsiologii obrazovaniya [Modern teacher: life and professional orientation. Labours on sociology of education]. T. XVIII. Vol. XXX. Moscow: Publ. FSBI «IEM RAE», 2016. 216 p.
  12. Sobkin V.S., Pisarskij P.S. Zhiznennye cennosti i otnoshenie k obrazovaniyu: krosskul’turnyj analiz Moskva — Amsterdam (po materialam sociologicheskogo oprosa uchitelej, uchashchihsya i roditelej) [Life values and attitudes towards education: a cross-cultural analysis of MoscowAmsterdam (based on a survey of teachers, students and parents)]. Moscow: Publ. CSE RAE, 1994. 152 p.
  13. Sobkin V.S., Pisarskij P.S. Sociokul’turnyj analiz obrazovatel’noj situacii v megapolise [Socio-cultural analysis of the educational situation in the city]. Moscow: Publ. M-education Ros. Federation, 1992. 159 p.
  14. Soldatova G.U., Lvova E.N. Adolescents Encountering Online Risks: Characteristics of Parental Mediation. Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie [Psychological Science and Education], 2018. Vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 29—41. doi:10.17759/pse.2018230303 (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)
  15. Tolstykh N.N. Adolescents and their parents: what are the values and what do they want today? Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie [Psychological Science and Education], 2012, no. 4, pp. 70—78. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)
  16. Tolstykh N.N. Hronotop: kul’tura i ontogenez. Monografiya [Chronotop: culture and ontogenesis. Monograph]. Moscow: Universum, 2018. 292 p.
  17. Khlomov K.D. Social risks in the context of individual life paths of contemporary teenagers. Sotsial’naia psikhologiia i obshchestvo [Social Psychology and Society], 2016. Vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 109—125. doi:10.17759/sps.2016070208. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)
  18. El’konin B.D. Vvedeniye v psikhologiyu razvitiya (v traditsii kul’turno-istoricheskoy teorii L.S. Vygotskogo) [Introduction to developmental psychology (in the tradition of the cultural-historical theory of LS Vygotsky)]. Moscow: Trivola Publ., 1994. 168 p.
  19. Erikson E. Identichnost’: yunost’ i krizis [Identity: youth and crisis]. Moscow: Flinta Publ., 2006. 342 p.


Information About the Authors

Vladimir S. Sobkin, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Academician of the Russian Academy of Education, Head of the Center for Sociology of Education, Institute of Education Management, Center for Modern Problems of Modern Education at the Psychological Institute of the Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2339-9080, e-mail: sobkin@mail.ru

Ekaterina A. Kalashnikova, PhD in Psychology, Leading Researcher at the Center for Sociology of Education, Institute of Education Management, Center of Modern Problems of Modern Education, Psychological Institute of the Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4429-623X, e-mail: 5405956@mail.ru



Total: 1252
Previous month: 11
Current month: 2


Total: 732
Previous month: 4
Current month: 1