Evidence-Based Approach in Management: Evidence-Based Management and Policy

391

Abstract

Objective. Review of the concepts of “evidence-based approach in management”, “evidence-based management”, and “evidence-based policy”. Systematization of factors that inhibit and contribute to the dissemination of evidence-based management practices in the social sphere. Identification of priority measures to support the development of an evidence-based approach in the management in the social sphere.Background. Executives in general, and also in the social sphere, are facing challenges of an increasing level of uncertainty, which brings difficulties to make reliable forecasts and make decisions with guaranteed results. At the same time, there is a systemic crisis of resources, requiring the choice of strategies and tactics that provide the highest level of performance. An additional challenge is the increasing amount of operations and the emerging need for managers to make quick management decisions. Against this background, the evidence-based approach acquires particular importance, based on the idea of the need to rely on the findings of research and expertise, providing managers with relevant data for choosing certain areas of action.Methodology. Literature review.Conclusions. The evidence-based approach in management is a range of practices with various severity of requirements, connected by the need for evidence-based and expert data for decision-making. Evidence-based management is a process of implementing an evidence-based approach within the framework of the activities of different level managers. Evidence-based policy is the implementation of evidence-based principles in making political decisions. Promotion of the evidence-based approach in management encounters several barriers such as assessment, used methodology, finance. However, some conditions can positively influence its promotion among practitioners: the involvement of senior managers, specialized training, the convergence of practitioners and researchers, and other factors. The funding of research and its accessibility remains critical.

General Information

Keywords: evidence-based approach, evidence-based management, evidence-based policy

Journal rubric: Applied Research and Practice

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/sps.2022000001

Funding. The study was conducted within the framework of the state task of the Ministry of Education of the Russian Federation No. 073-00041-21-03 dated 11.06.2021 «Development of methodological bases for the formation of a unified national approach to the definition of social (including educational) practices with proven effectiveness»

Received: 29.11.2021

Accepted:

For citation: Semya G.V., Stanilevsky V.V., Gazaryan A.A., Nekrasov A.S. Evidence-Based Approach in Management: Evidence-Based Management and Policy. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2022. Vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 209–223. DOI: 10.17759/sps.2022000001. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Galina V. Semya, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Professor of the Department of Developmental Psychology named after Professor L.F. Obukhova" Faculty of Educational Psychology, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education, Professor of the Department of Psychological Anthropology of the Institute of Childhood of the Moscow Pedagogical State University., Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9583-8698, e-mail: gvsemia@yandex.ru

Victor V. Stanilevsky, MS in International Affairs, American University, Washington, USA, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8808-7387, e-mail: victor.stanilevskiy@gmail.com

Alexey A. Gazaryan, Sector Methodologist «Center for Evidence-Based Social Design», Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9498-5757, e-mail: zhivoy@ya.ru

Andrey S. Nekrasov, MA in Psychology, lead analyst at the Centre for Evidence-based Social Design, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, partner at "Culture of Childhood" Charity Foundation, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1072-7986, e-mail: nekrasov.x@gmail.com

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