Socio-Psychological Programs: "Active Longevity" and "Anti-Aging XXI" – Evaluation of Effectiveness in Terms of Biopsychological Age

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Abstract

Objective. Comparative analysis of the effectiveness of socio-psychological programs "Active Longevity" and "Anti-Aging XXI" in terms of their impact on biopsychological age.
Background. Against the background of the growing aging of the population of developed countries, as well as the ongoing pension reform, there is an increasing demand for the development of social programs to increase longevity and improve the health of older age groups.
Study design. For six months, a natural experiment was carried out, in which biopsychological age indicators were assessed in pensioners who participated in the "Active Longevity" and "Anti-Aging XXI" social programs and in the control group. Kruskal-Wallis statistics, Anova analysis of variance, Student's test for connected samples were used.
Participants. Pensioners attached to the site of the Moscow polyclinic: 345 people (272 women (55-70 years old, M = 62,8; SD = 4,45), 73 men (60-70 years old, M = 65,9; SD = 2,99).
Measurements. Tests for measuring biological age according to Voitenko, psychological age according to Abulkhanova-Berezina, expected retirement age.
Results. In the absence of supportive training, there was a natural increase in the biological age of pensioners in the control group (by 2,6 years for women in six months, and 0,2 years for men). Participation in the "Active Longevity" program led to the absence of significant aging, and the selection of personal resources through the "Anti-Aging XXI" program led to a significant decrease in biological age by 0,7 years, and the biological aging index by 1,1 years. 
Conclusions. 1) The effectiveness of using social health programs is higher for women than for men. 2) The greatest effect is achieved with a combination of programs. "Antiaging XXI" is used to select resources, and classes take place in the centers of Moscow Longevity.

General Information

Keywords: pension reform; social programs; active longevity; antiaging; personality; biopsychological age

Journal rubric: Applied Research and Practice

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/sps.2023140209

Funding. The study was financially supported by the Russian Science Foundation, project No. 19-18-00058-P, https://rscf.ru/project/19-18-00058/

Acknowledgements. The authors are grateful for the help in collecting data for the study, geriatrician E.A. Chumakova.

Received: 15.03.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Berezina T.N. Socio-Psychological Programs: "Active Longevity" and "Anti-Aging XXI" – Evaluation of Effectiveness in Terms of Biopsychological Age. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2023. Vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 134–151. DOI: 10.17759/sps.2023140209. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Tatiana N. Berezina, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Professor of the Department of Scientific Foundations of Extreme Psychology, Moscow Institute of Psychology and Sociology, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8188-237X, e-mail: tanberez@list.ru

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