The Influence of Prolonged Stressful Situation on World Assumptions, Peculiarities of Thinking and Moral Decisions

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Abstract

Objective. The study of the influence of prolonged stressful situation on world assumptions, peculiarities of thinking and moral decisions.
Background. The pandemic situation can be considered as a model stressful situation. The assessment of its impact makes it possible to predict the consequences of society experiencing a high level of stress in a situation of danger and/or uncertainty.
Study design. The level of distress, moral decisions, world assumptions, and peculiarities of thinking before the pandemic and in the conditions of the pandemic were compared. Methods of variance analysis, the Kraskal-Wallace criterion, and correlation analysis were used.
Participants. "Moral dilemmas" N = 621 (23,4% of men), age – 33,7 ± 11,32; Constructive thinking questionnaire N = 700 (20,7% of men), age – 31,55 ± 9,7; Scale of basic beliefs N = 412 (18,2% of men), age – 35,6 ± 11,2.
Measurements. "Moral dilemmas", "World Assumptions Scale” (WAS), “Constructive Thinking Inventory” (CTI), Symptom Check List-90-Revised (SCL-90R).
Results. During the pandemic, the level of distress experienced is higher, the ability to distinguish between personal and "distant" violence is lower, and indicators of constructive thinking and emotional coping are lower. The belief in benevolence, justice of the world, the value of one's own self is reduced. All these changes are associated with a high level of distress.
Conclusions. The stressful situation led to a change in moral decisions. The change was not directly related to basic beliefs and thinking patterns and is a consequence of "emotional detachment" in stressful situation.

General Information

Keywords: constructive thinking; world assumptions; stress; moral decisions; moral dilemmas; COVID-19

Journal rubric: Empirical Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/sps.2023140411

Received: 28.09.2023

Accepted:

For citation: Medvedeva T.I., Enikolopov S.N., Boiko O.M., Vorontsova O.U., Chudova N.V., Rasskazova E.I. The Influence of Prolonged Stressful Situation on World Assumptions, Peculiarities of Thinking and Moral Decisions. Sotsial'naya psikhologiya i obshchestvo = Social Psychology and Society, 2023. Vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 178–193. DOI: 10.17759/sps.2023140411. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Tatiana I. Medvedeva, Research Associate of Medical Psychology’s Department, Mental Health Research Center, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6012-2152, e-mail: medvedeva.ti@gmail.com

Sergey N. Enikolopov, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Head of Department of Clinical Psychology, Mental Health Research Center, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7899-424X, e-mail: enikolopov@mail.ru

Olga M. Boiko, Research Associate, Medical Psychology Department, Mental Health Research Center, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2895-807X, e-mail: olga.m.boyko@gmail.com

Oksana U. Vorontsova, Research Associate of Medical Psychology’s Department, Mental Health Research Center, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5698-676X, e-mail: okvorontsova@inbox.ru

Natalia V. Chudova, PhD in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Federal Research Center ‘Computer Science and Control’ of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9306-1280, e-mail: nchudova@gmail.com

Elena I. Rasskazova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Department of Neuro- and Patopsychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Senior Researcher,Mental Health Research Center, Senior Researcher, International Laboratory of Positive Psychology of Personality and Motivation, Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9648-5238, e-mail: e.i.rasskazova@gmail.com

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