The Relationship of Adaptability and the Cognitive-Behavioral Qualities of the Personality (on the Example of Russian and Chinese First-Year Students)



We studied the relationship of adaptability, tolerance attitudes, coping strategies and self-government operations in 93 Russian and 127 Chinese students of the fi rst year of economic faculty of St. Petersburg state University and Peking University. In the group of Chinese respondents, a greater number of linkages of adaptation governance and operations (planning, self-monitoring, analysis of contradictions) and coping strategies (search for social support, membership in social contact, indirect action) was identifi ed than in the group of the Russian respondents.

General Information

Keywords: adaptability, communicative tolerance, the ability to self coping strategy

Journal rubric: General Psychology, Personality Psychology, History of Psychology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Liu C., Petanova E.I. The Relationship of Adaptability and the Cognitive-Behavioral Qualities of the Personality (on the Example of Russian and Chinese First-Year Students). Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology, 2016. no. 2, pp. 59–66. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


Danilenko O. I., Li C., Sui I. Adaptirovannost' kitaiskikh studentov na raznykh etapakh obucheniia v vuzakh Rossii i Kitaia «Psikhologicheskie aspekty mezhkul'turnoi adaptatsii» [The Adaptability of Chinese students on diff erent stages of training in higher educational institutions of Russia and China, “Psychological aspects of cross-cultural adaptation”]. Ed. by V. V. Kalita. Vladivostok, Dal’nauka Publ., 2015, pp. 90–110. (In Russian)

Yuan W. Academic and Cultural Experiences of Chinese Students at an American University: A Qualitative Study. Intercultural Communication Studies XX, 2011, vol. 1, pp. 141–157.

Van S. [The factors of adoptation of the Chinese students to learning at home and abroad]. Materialy konferentsii «Anan'evskie chteniia — 2015» [Materials of the conference “Anan’evskij Tchtenia — 2015”]. St. Petersburg, St.-Petersburg Univ. Press, 2015, pp.158–159. (In Russian)

Liu C., Petanova E. I. [Peculiarities of the phenomenon of frustration tolerance in Russian and Chinese students (on example of students of St. Petersburg State University and the Beijing State University)]. Nauchnye issledovaniia vypusknikov fakul'teta psikhologii SPbGU [In Scientific Studies of the graduates of the Psychology faculty of SPSU]. St. Petersburg, St.-Petersburg Univ. Press, 2014, vol. 2, pp. 180–186. (In Russian)

Boyko V. V. [Communicative tolerance in interpersonal relations]. Obozrenie psikhiatrii i meditsinskoi psikhologii [Review of Psychiatry and Medical Psychology]. St. Petersburg, Piter Publ., 2004. pp. 13–21. (In Russian)

Peisakhov N. M., Shevtsov M. N. Prakticheskaia psikhologiia: ucheb. posobie [Practical Psychology: Textbook]. Kazan, Kazan Univ. Publ., 1991, 140 p. (In Russian)

Khobfoll S. Oprosnik «SACS» [Questionnaire «SACS» ]. Available at: fi les/course_materials/Metodika_SACS.pdf (accessed 21.10.13). (In Russian)

Prakticheskaia psikhodiagnostika. Metodiki i testy: ucheb. posobie [Practical psychodiagnostics. Procedures and tests: Textbook]. Ed. by D. Y. Raigorodskiy. Samara, Izdatel'skii dom «BAKhRAKh», 1998, pp. 457– 465. (In Russian)

Petanova E. I., Bordovskaya N. V., Liu C. Sravnitel'nyi analiz adaptirovannosti studentov-pervokursnikov k usloviiam obrazovatel'noi sredy (na primere Pekinskogo i Sankt-Peterburgskogo universitetov) [Comparative analysis of adaptation of fi rst-year students to the conditions of educational environment (on example of Beijing and St. Petersburg State University)]. Vestnik Tverskogo gosudarstvennogo universitete. Seriia psikhologiia i pedagogika [Vestnik of the Tver State University. Series Psychology and Pedagogy], 2015, issue 4, pp. 95–102. (In Russian)

Liu C., Petanova E. I. [Communicative Tolerance in students as a resource for their adaptation to training conditions in high school]. Materialy konferentsii «Psikhologiia cheloveka v usloviiakh zdorov'ia i boleznei» [Proceedings of the conference “Human Psychology in conditions of health and disease”]. Tambov, TROO «Biznes-Nauka-Obshchestvo», 2015, pp. 133–138. (In Russian)

Petanova E. I., Liu C. [Cross-cultural aspects of the problem of psychological support of St. Petersburg State University fi rst-year students (the Russians and Chinese)]. Sbornik materialov konferentsii «Innovatsionnyi potentsial sub"ektov obrazovatel'nogo prostranstva v usloviiakh modernizatsii obrazovaniia» [Collection of materials of the conference “Innovation potential of subjects of educational space in the conditions of modernization of education”]. Rostov-na-Donu, IuFU Publ., 2014, pp. 411–417. (In Russian)

Somova N. V. Osobennosti sotsial'no-psikhologicheskoi adaptatsii inostrannykh studentov v kontekste kopingovykh strategii povedeniia [Features of social-psychological adaptation of foreign students in the context of coping strategies of behavior]. Sotsial'no-gumanitarnye nauki. Uchenye zapiski [Social and Humanities. Scientific notes], 2014, no. 14, pp.199–202. Available at: les_books/ pdf/14-19.pdf (accessed 26.11.2015). (In Russian)

Chen H. Moral note of melancholy and thought. Beijing, Sino-Culture Press, 1999, 257 p. (In Chinese)

Li C., Wang W., Qiu S. Relationship of social adaptation and self-regulation of Students [J]. Tangshan: “Chinese Journal of Health Psychology” press, 2010, no. 4, pp.478–480. (In Chinese)

Issledovatel'skii potentsial studenta: monografiia [The research potential of the student: a monograph]. Ed. by Bordovskaya. Moscow, Rusains Publ., 2015. 264 p. (In Russian)

Posokhova S. T. Psikhologiia adaptiruiushcheisia lichnosti (sub"ektnyi podkhod). Dis. d-ra psikhol. nauk [Psychology of adaptable personality (subjective approach). Dis. Dr. Psychol. Sciences]. St. Petersburg, 2001. 393 p. (In Russian)

Information About the Authors

C. Liu, postgraduate, St. Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, e-mail:

Elena I. Petanova, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Saint Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, e-mail: