Psychological Factors of Cognitive Learning Strategies Formation in Students



The article is devoted to the study of psychological factors underlying the formation of cognitive learning strategies. Th e concept ‘cognitive learning strategies’ and their types is explained, the defi nitions ‘cognive styles’, ‘learning styles’, ‘metacognition’ were analyzed. The results identify that the psychological characteristics responsible for the formation of cognitive learning strategies are, on the one hand, an ‘orientation towards time’, a ‘need for cognition’ and ‘autonomy’ (the factor of ‘constructing your personal space’), and, on the other hand, self-refl ection, high normativity of behavior and self-control (the ‘regulative’ factor).

General Information

Keywords: learning strategies, cognitive strategies, educational activities, psychological factors

Journal rubric: Educational Psychology

Article type: scientific article

For citation: Kostromina S.N., Dvornikova T.A. Psychological Factors of Cognitive Learning Strategies Formation in Students . Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology, 2016. no. 4, pp. 110–119.


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Information About the Authors

Svetlana N. Kostromina, Doctor of Psychology, Professor, Head of Personality Department, Department of Psychology, St. Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:

T. A. Dvornikova, Senior Lecturer, Saint Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, e-mail:



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