The Scientific Heritage of A. V. Yarmolenko in the Space of Modern Defectology and Psychology of Dysontogenesis (to the 120th Birthday)



The article is devoted to the scientific heritage and life path of the professor of the faculty of psychology A. V. Yarmolenko. A. V. Yarmolenko’s scientific research was largely determined by the ideas of her teacher V. M. Bekhterev — the founder of the Petersburg psychological school. First of all, these are the ideas of an integrated approach, as well as the study of pathological phenomena as a method of understanding normal psychology. It is also important that the mental development of abnormal and normal children proceeds according to the same laws. A. V. Yarmolenko carried out the first multifaceted clinical and psychological study of the ontogenetic characteristics of children with simultaneous visual and hearing impairment. Modern special psychology has paid more attention to the psychological and pedagogical direction. And only in recent years, due to the complication of nosological phenomenology, interest in clinical and psychological research began to recover. In this regard, the scientific heritage of A. V. Yarmolenko remains relevant. In this regard, we note the fact that for a long time in the domestic defectology and special psychology there was no textbook on the psychology of children with multiple developmental disabilities. Publication A. V. Yarmolenko “Essays on the Psychology of the Deaf-Blind and Mute” (1961) was both a fundamental monograph and, for many years, was an important teaching aid for many courses of future psychologists and defectologists. This work presented not only the author’s own empirical experience gained over many years of working with children with visual and hearing impairments. The book also extensively analyzes the world clinical and psychological aspect of the study of deaf-blind children.

General Information

Keywords: impaired development, touch, integrated approach, logopathology, special psychology, deaf-blindness

Journal rubric: History of Psychology

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Sorokin V.M. The Scientific Heritage of A. V. Yarmolenko in the Space of Modern Defectology and Psychology of Dysontogenesis (to the 120th Birthday). Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology, 2020. Vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 450–456. DOI: 10.21638/spbu16.2020.406. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)


  1. Yarmolenko A. V. Essays on the Psychology of the Deaf-Blind Mute. Leningrad, Leningrad University Press, 1961. 161 р. (In Russian)
  2. Miasishchev V. N. Personality and neuroses. Leningrad, Leningrad University Press, 1960. 427 p. (In Russian)
  3. Ananiev B. G. On the problems of modern human study. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1977. 379 p. (In Russian)
  4. Zemtsova M. I. Compensation for blindness in the process of learning and labor. Moscow, Academy of Pedagogical Science Publ., 1956. 418 р. (In Russian)
  5. Litvak A. G. Essays on the Psychology of the Blind and Visually Impaired. Leningrad, Herzen State University Publ., 1973. 215 р. (In Russian)
  6. Rubinstein S. Ya. Psychology of a mentally retarded schoolchild. Moscow, Prosveshchenie Publ., 1970. 182 р. (In Russian)
  7. Psychology of a deaf schoolchild, ed. by I. M. Soloviev et al. Moscow, Prosveshenie Publ., 1972. 448р. (In Russian)
  8. Yaroshevsky M. G. L. S. Vygotsky: in search of a new psychology. Moscow, URSS Publ., 2007. 304 р. (In Russian)
  9. Vygotsky L. S. To the psychology and pedagogy of child defectiveness.Vygotsky L. S. Collected works in 6 vols., vol. 5. Moscow, Pedagogika Publ., 1984, рр. 62–84. (In Russian)
  10. Yarmolenko A. V. Examination of movements of normal and abnormal children. Leningrad, UchPedGIz. Publ., 1931. 162 р. (In Russian)
  11. Gurevich M. O., Ozeretskiy N. I. Psychomotor, part two: Methods for the study of motor skills. Moscow; Leningrad, GosMedIzdat Publ., 1930. 174 p. (In Russian)
  12. Ananiev B. G., Vekker L. M., Lomov B. F., Yarmolenko A. V. Touch in the processes of cognition and labor. Moscow, Academy of Pedagogical Science Publ., 1959. 263 р. (In Russian)

Information About the Authors

Victor M. Sorokin, PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Chair of psychology of education and pedagogy, Saint-Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID:, e-mail:



Total: 327
Previous month: 7
Current month: 2


Total: 53
Previous month: 3
Current month: 7