Adaptation of Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing People Self-Identification Scale (DIDS)

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Abstract

One obstacle in understanding deafness as a cultural difference is the absence of models and methods that could study the acculturation or identity of deaf people in modern Russia. Approbation and validation of deaf and hard-of-hearing people self-identification scale (DIDS), based on the Glickman model of the development of cultural identity, could contribute to the study of acculturation of deaf people in Russia, and create a reliable methodological tool for practical psychologists working in the system of special secondary and higher professional education. The purpose of this article is to present materials of the step-by-step psychometric verification of the DIDS questionnaire, obtained on a sample of deaf and hard of hearing students studying in different institutional settings, aged 17 to 41 (N = 420, M = 21.88; SD = 5.24). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) showed that all scales are independent of each other. To check the consistency of the scales, the Cronbach coefficient was used. It demonstrated high consistency of each scale in the general sample (α-Cronbach from 0.704 to 0.767), as well as on subsamples of men and women (α-Cronbach from 0.629 to 0.801) and in different age groups (α-Cronbach from 0.687 to 0.862). To check the stability of the scales, an analysis was also carried out on subsamples of persons with varying degrees of hearing loss (α-Cronbach from 0.653 to 0.832) and without it (α-Cronbach from 0.688 to 0.801). To check the internal consistency of the questionnaire, a correlation analysis was carried out both within the scales and between them. The results obtained confirmed the conformity of the considered construct. As a result, the Russian adaptation of the American DIDS scale was reduced by 20 statements, which increased the internal consistency and reliability of the methodology. Analysis of the psychometric properties of the DIDS scale confirmed the possibility of its usage in deaf and hard of hearing Russians.

General Information

Keywords: identification, acculturation, deaf, biculturalism, marginality

Journal rubric: Empirical and Experimental Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu16.2022.305

For citation: Mikhailova N.F., Krasko A.S., Fattakhova M.E., Mironova M.A., Vyacheslavova E.V. Adaptation of Deaf and Hard-of-Hearing People Self-Identification Scale (DIDS). Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology, 2022. Vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 309–330. DOI: 10.21638/spbu16.2022.305. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

Anderson, G., Rosten, E. (1985). Towards evaluating process variables in counseling deaf people: A crosscultural perspective. In: G. Anderson, D. Watson (eds), Counseling deaf people: Research and practice. Arkansas, Arkansas Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Deafness and Hearing Impairment, pp. 162–182.

Information About the Authors

Nadezhda F. Mikhailova, PhD in Psychology, associate professor, Associate Professor, Department of Developmental and Differential Psychology, St Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4183-8171, e-mail: mail.mikhailova@gmail.com

Anastasia S. Krasko, Assistant at the Department of Developmental Psychology and Differential Psychology, St Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3985-5060, e-mail: krskanastasia@gmail.com

Margarita E. Fattakhova, Kazan National Research Technical University named after A. N. Tupolev, Kazan, Russia, e-mail: rita.stroka@mail.ru

Margarita A. Mironova, PhD in Education, Associate Professor, Kazan National Research Technical University named after A. N. Tupolev, Kazan, Russia, e-mail: margomir1971@gmail.com

Ekaterina V. Vyacheslavova, The Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, St.Petersburg, Russia, e-mail: katifonya@rambler.ru

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