Features of Coping with Situations of Change among Representatives of Azerbaijani Culture

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Abstract

The article is devoted to the analysis of the response of Azerbaijanis to life situations of change. Since the situations of change are characterized by dynamism, uncertainty and a great expenditure of resources, and the perception of such events is often associated with stress and threat, the phenomenon of responding to changes and structural uncertainty may be studied in the context of coping. The empirical research was conducted out within the framework of mixed methods approaches and included two stages. At the first stage, the quantitative data of the Azerbaijani sample (N = 278) were analyzed. The indicators of consistency and intercorrelations of scales, descriptive statistics, as well as the results of the exploratory factor analysis of the questionnaire “Types of response to a changing situation” were considered. Changes in the psychometric properties of the questionnaire were identified. In order to explain the discovered facts at the second stage, qualitative data were analyzed: descriptions of response models to changes (N = 42; using the method of grounded theory in the version of K. Charmaz) and explanations of the drawings “Image of changes” (N = 88). It was found that the majority of Azerbaijani respondents report a rare preference for structural uncertainty and a frequent desire to maintain the stability of the situation. The difference between the models of response to changes described by Azerbaijani and Russian students-psychologists is shown. While the methods are called similar (planning, positive reappraisal, etc.), their combination in models, and categorization (whether the action refers to acceptance or rejection of changes) diverge. Based on the analysis of quantitative and qualitative data, an ambivalent response is described: the use of both accepting and rejection the change strategies. The results are discussed in two contexts: 1) cultural values of Azerbaijan (collectivism, orientation on rules); 2) the need to comprehensively consider of coping strategies. The study expands the understanding of the mechanisms of cultural determination of coping with the situation of change, and offers a new data analysis scheme that allows to identify cultural differences.

General Information

Keywords: life situation of changes, coping strategy, structural uncertainty, rule orientation

Journal rubric: Empirical and Experimental Research

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu16.2022.407

Funding. The reported study was funded by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project no. 20-013-00838 “Cognitive, emotional, behavioral components of the image of a difficult life situation”.

For citation: Bityutskaya Y.V., Khanaliyeva N.N. Features of Coping with Situations of Change among Representatives of Azerbaijani Culture. Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology, 2022. Vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 487–506. DOI: 10.21638/spbu16.2022.407. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

References

Agadullina, E. R., Belinskaya, E. P., Juraeva, M. R. (2020). Personal and situational predictors of proactive coping with difficult life situations: cross-cultural differences. National Psychological Journal, 3 (39), 30–38. (In Russian)

Information About the Authors

Ye. V. Bityutskaya, PhD in Psychology, M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, e-mail: bityutskaya_ew@mail.ru

Nasiba N. Khanaliyeva, Student, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Baku Branch, Baku, Azerbaijan, e-mail: nasiba.khanaliyeva.28@mail.ru

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