The Role of Body Sensations in Understanding One's Own Emotions 3828
Post-Graduate Student of the Department Of General Laws of Mental Development, Institute of Psychology Named after L. S. Vygotsky, Moscow, Russia
PhD in Psychology, Associate Professor, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow, Russia
Acting Deputy Manager of Laboratory of Experimental and Applied Psychophysiology, National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”, Moscow, Russia
There are at least three different viewpoints among all theories of emotions that attempt to explain the role of body sensations in understanding one's own emotions. In order to compare the explanatory resources of these viewpoints we conducted a research in which the subjects (n=59) were shown a series of neutral and emo¬tionally significant slides (taken from the IAPS database). During the slideshow we registered the subjects' pulse and galvanic skin response. The subjects were asked to assess the intensity of their emotional reactions and body sensations in response to the emotionally significant slides, and also filled in a questionnaire on emo¬tional intelligence that enabled us to measure their ability to understand their own emotions as well as those of other people. The outcomes of our research show that sensations accompanying emotional experiences are not the result of interoception as they do not correspond with objective indicators of the changes in physio¬logical arousal, whereas they do correspond in many ways with the subjects' emotional appraisal of the stimuli and self-assessment of sensations. These outcomes also revealed that subjective evaluations of body sensations correlate with emotional valence, while heart rate (the objective indicator of arousal) correlates with modali¬ty of the emotion.
- James W. The principles of psychology. New York: Holt,
Personality and Social Psychology, 1974. Vol. 30, pp. 510—517. 1890.
Vol. 1. 689 p. doi: https://doi.org/10.1037/h0037031.
- Lyusin D. A new measure for emotional intelligence: 5. Marzoli D.,
Custodero M., Pagliara A., Tommasi L. Sun-EmIn Questionnaire. Psychological
diagnostics, 2006, no. 4, induced frowning fosters aggressive feelings.
Cognition and pp. 3—22. (In Russian) Emotion, 2013. Vol. 27(8),
pp. 1513—1521. doi: http://dx.doi.
- Damasio A.R. William James and the modern
neurobiol-org/10.1080/02699931.2013.801338. ogy of emotion. In Evans D. (eds.).
Emotion, evolution, and 6. Mori K., Mori H. A test of the passive facial
feedback rationality. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004, pp. 3—14.
hypothesis: We feel sorry because we cry. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 2007.
Vol. 105 (3, Pt. 2), pp. 1242—1244. doi:
- Mori K., Mori H. Another test of the passive facial feedback
hypothesis: When your face smiles, you feel happy. Perceptual and Motor
Skills, 2009. Vol. 109(1), pp. 76—78. doi:
- Nesbitt P.D. Smoking, physiological arousal, and emotional
response. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1973. Vol 25(1),
pp. 137—144. doi: https://doi.org/10. 1037/h0034256.
- Olson J.M. Misattribution, preparatory information, and speech
anxiety. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1988. Vol. 54(5), pp.
758—767. doi: http://dx.doi. org/10. 1037/0022-3522.214.171.1248.
- Reisenzein R. The Schachter theory of emotion: Two decades later,
Psychological Bulletin, 1983. Vol. 94(2), pp. 239—264. doi:
- Schachter S., Singer J.E. Cognitive, social, and physiological
determinants of emotional states. Psychological Review. 1962. Vol. 69.
- Schubert T.W. The power in your hand: Gender differences in
bodily feedback from making a fist. Personality and Social Psychology
Bulletin, 2004. Vol. 30(6), pp. 757—769. doi:
- Stepper S., Strack F. Proprioceptive determinants of emotional and
nonemotional feelings. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.
1993. Vol. 64(2), pp. 211—220. doi:
- Tourangeau R., Ellsworth P.C. The role of facial response in the
experience of emotion. J. of Personality and Social Psychology, 1979.
Vol. 37(9), pp. 1519—1531. doi:
- Valins S. Cognitive effects of false heart-rate feedback.
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 1966. Vol. 4(4), pp.
400—408. doi: https://doi.org/10.1037/h0023791.