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Fedor Dostoevsky in Polish Literature, Theater and Cinema 130


Oltuszyk A.B.
Student of the Institute "Foreign Languages, Modern Communications and Management", Moscow State University of Psychological and Education (MSUPE), Moscow, Russia

Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky is a Russian great writer, thinker, philosopher and publicist. His skill influenced the literature and culture of the whole world, including Polish. This article discusses the role of the author of Crime and Punishment in Polish literature and culture, including the presence of his works in Polish theater and cinema. Many Polish writers, who studied the artistic skills of Dostoevsky, were attracted by the composition and structure of his novel, introspection and reflection of characters showing interpersonal relationships, a “borderline” state of mind. Even more important than the recognition by Polish writers of the artistry of Dostoevsky is the influence on them of his philosophical concepts, especially the concept of personality. The specificity of Dostoevsky’s technique is also related to the fact that the Russian writer created negative stereotypes of Poles. It must be remembered that the reception of Dostoevsky in Poland in the first decade after the Second World War was significantly limited. Today, the works of the Russian writer are transferred to theatrical scenes, on the basis of which series, full-length or animated films are shot. There are many editions of his short stories and novels in bookstores, often translated again.

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