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  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 7, no. 4)


Language and Text

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2312-2757


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Outdated Vocabulary in the Rutul Language 58


Makhmudova S.M.
Doctor of Philology, Professor of the Department of Linguodidactics and Intercultural Communication at the Institute of Foreign Languages, Modern Communications and Management, Moscow State University of Psychology & Education, Moscow, Russia

In natural languages, development is noted according to the same laws, no matter how large or small in the number of speakers the language may be. Archaization or the transition of vocabulary to a passive layer is a law common to all languages, depending on the process of development of society itself and going in parallel with it. Our work demonstrates the process of transition of active vocabulary into a passive layer in the minority Rutul language. The outdated vocabulary of the Rutul language has not been the subject of special analysis in the scientific literature, while such layers of vocabulary as livestock vocabulary and borrowed vocabulary, Proverbs, sayings, riddles, phraseology have received some consideration [Huseynova, 1988; Kuliyeva, 2008; Makhmudova, 2014; 2016; Suleymanova, 2018, etc.]. Meanwhile, the passive vocabulary in the language is a significant amount, since the ancient language was subject to changes due to political, economic, social, and cultural changes that occurred in the society that speaks this language.

Keywords: Outdated vocabulary, passive vocabulary, archaisms, historicisms, Rutul language

Column: Psycholinguistics, Sociolinguistics, Ethnolinguistics


For Reference

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  8. Makhmudova S.M. Yazykovaya reprezentatsiya aksiologicheskoi dominanty kontsepta ‘Etika’ (‘Abyr’) v natsional'noi kartine mira rutulov [Language representation of the axiological dominant of the concept 'Ethics' ('Abyr') in the national picture of the world of Rutul] // Yazyk i tekst = Language and Text, 2018. Vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 75–81. DOI:10.17759/langt.2018050213 (Accessed 02.09.2020) (In Russ.).
  9. Makhmudova S.M. Zakon ekonomii podlezhashchego v narrativnom diskurse [The law of economy of the subject in narrative discourse]. Vestnik Dagestanskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya 2: Gumanitarnye nauki = Bulletin of the Dagestan State University. Series 2: Humanities, 2012, no. 3, pp. 18-20. Available at: (Accessed 02.09.2020). (In Russ.).
  10. Suleimanova T.A. Zhivotnovodcheskaya leksika mukhadskogo dialekta rutul'skogo yazyka [Ivestock Breeding Lexico Of Mukhad Dialects of Rutulic Language]. Filologiya: Gumanitarnye nauki = Series: Humanities, 2018, no. 7, pp. 164-166. Available at: (Accessed 02.09.2020). (In Russ.).
  11. Umarova P.U. Ustarevshaya leksika v avarskom yazyke. Avtoreferat diss. kand. filol. nauk. Makhachkala, 2013, 21 p. (In Russ.).

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