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  Previous issue (2019. Vol. 27, no. 4)

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Counseling Psychology and Psychotherapy

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (printed version): 2075-3470

ISSN (online): 2311-9446

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpp

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 1992

Published quarterly

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Open Access Journal

 

Psychological Prerequisites for Preventing Cardiovascular Diseases among Overweight Train Crew Members 102

Korablina E.P.
Doctor of Psychology, Professor of the Department of Psychology of Professional Activity, Institute of Psychology , Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, St.Petersburg, Russia
e-mail: lina-korablina@mail.ru

Ermakova N.G.
PhD, Associate Professor of the Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychological Assistance, Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, St.Petersburg, Russia
e-mail: nataliya.ermakova@yandex.ru

Krasikova M.V.
Postgraduate Student, Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychological Assistance, Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, St.Petersburg, Russia
e-mail: krasikova.rita@gmail.com

Abstract
We studied the psychological aspects of excess body weight gain in train crew members aiming to determine the measures of psychological prevention of risk factors for cardiovascular complications and obesity. The sample included 105 men aged 25—55. Methods: surveys, Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ), Subjective Control Level Scale (based on J. Rotter’s locus of control), Body Mass Index (BMI). Results: BMI identified three groups of men: normal, overweight and obese. In all groups, the external type of eating behavior prevails (stress eating). In obese men, the restrictive type of eating behavior is significantly higher, and the internality in family relationships, in the area of failure, and the overall internality are significantly lower, which indicates difficulties in coping with stress. Conclusion: Overweight individuals have a maladaptive type of eating behavior, low internality in significant situations, that can be considered as targets for psychological prevention in the development of psychological assistance programs.

Keywords: excessive weight, type of eating behavior, subjective locus of control, targets of psychological prevention of cardiovascular diseases

Column: Empirical studies

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpp.2019270404

For Reference

Acknowledgements

The authors express their sincere gratitude to O.S. Karasev, head physician of the Nongovernment Healthcare Institution Node Hospital at the Vyborg station, Russian Railways OJSC, for initiating the study and providing a base for research aimed at finding ways to develop medical support for railway workers

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