Making a difference: Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (CST)


The manual "Making a difference 1: An evidence-based group programme to offer Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (CST) to people with dementia" is a translation and a cultural adaptation of the guide for specialists who lead "Cognitive Stimulation Therapy'' groups (CST groups). The manual for group leaders / E. Spektor, B. Vuds, Sh.R. Stouner et al.".

Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (CST) is a short-term group intervention aimed at stimulating the cognition. Cognitive stimulation therapy is recommended by the National Institute for Health and Care for People with Mild to Moderate Dementia in the UK (NICE, 2018) and is widely used in the care of people with dementia in more than 38 countries around the world.

Authors of the program Cognitive Stimulation Therapy, CST:

  • Aimee Spector, Professor of Old Age Clinical Psychology, is a dementia researcher based at University College London (UCL) and a clinical psychologist specialising in ageing and dementia (UK).
  • Charlotte R. Stoner, research psychologist who specialises in dementia, psychometric theory and positive psychology (UK).
  • Bob Woods, Professor Emeritus of Clinical Psychology of Older People at Bangor University’s Dementia Services Development Centre and has been a practitioner and researcher in the dementia care field in the UK for over 40 years.
  • Martin Orrell is Professor of Ageing & Mental Health and Director of the Institute of Mental Health, a partnership between the University of Nottingham and Nottinghamshire Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust. He is editor of the journal Aging & Mental Health, Chair of the UK Memory Services National Accreditation Programme, President of the European Association of Geriatric Psychiatry, and a board member of the European INTERDEM Network (UK).

Translation into Russian and adaptation of the manual "Cognitive Stimulating Therapy" was carried out by the group of the project "CST in Russia" of the Moscow State University of Psychology and Education.

Scientific editors of the translation: I. Roshchina, A. Shvedovskaya, M. Kalantarova, A. Khromov.

CST manuals are currently available in English, Chinese, Danish, German, Italian and Norweigan. Work is ongoing to adapt and translate manuals for more countries, and we will continue to update this list.

For citation: Making a difference: An evidence-based group program to offer Cognitive Stimulation Therapy (CST) to people with dementia. The manual for group leaders / E. Spektor, B. Vuds, Sh.R. Stouner et al..Translation into Russian (eds.); I.F. Roshchina, A.A. Shvedovskaya, M.V. Kalantarova et al. (transl. in Russ.). 2nd ed. Moscow: MSUPE, 2023. P. 66. (In Russ.)