The Impact of the Digital Environment on Thinking and Intellectual Capacity of Students

602

Abstract

Teachers, psychologists and hygienists note that modern students are characterized by the so-called mosaic thinking caused by the dominance of the virtual environment in human life. It is characterized by illogicalness, quick switching between pieces of information and the lack of a holistic picture of the worldview. At the same time, there is a dominance of selective and visual attention due to the excessive online presence of children and adolescents. The objective of this study was to study the development of mosaic thinking in the younger generation by the example of middle and high school students of general educational organizations in Nizhny Novgorod. The study of the impact of digitalization on the cognitive processes of children and adolescents is more relevant than ever. However, such scientific research is only eclectic and fragmented. Only individual issues of this problem have been studied, but there are very few attempts to address the issue systematically. Under the circumstances, it is necessary to adapt the educational process to a new type of perception and way of thinking of today’s students. The article attempts to analyze the causes of mosaic thinking, to show the difference between mosaic thinking and conceptual thinking, to introduce some scientific research on this topic made by the Department of Hygiene of the Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “Privolzhsky Research Medical University” of the Ministry of Health of Russia.

General Information

Keywords: students, digital environment, informatization, clip thinking, conceptual thinking, mental performance

Publication rubric: Digital Transformation and Online Education: Technologies, Tools & Models

Article type: scientific article

Funding. The study was carried out at the expense of the authors’ personal funds.

For citation: Bogomolova E.S., Languev K.A. The Impact of the Digital Environment on Thinking and Intellectual Capacity of Students. Digital Humanities and Technology in Education (DHTE 2021): Collection of Articles of the II All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference with International Participation. November 11-12, 2021 / V.V. Rubtsov, M.G. Sorokova, N.P. Radchikova (Eds). Moscow: Publishing house MSUPE, 2021., pp. 36–48.

References

  1. Bogomolova E.S., Languev K.A. «Klipovoe myshlenie» u detei i podrostkov kak novaya real’nost’ sovremennogo mira (nauchnyi obzor literatury) [«Clip thinking» in children and adolescents as a new reality of the modern world (scientific literature review)]. Aspirantskie chteniya – 2020. Molodye uchenye: nauchnye issledovaniya i innovatsii: Materialy vserossiiskoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii s mezhdunarodnym uchastiem, posvyashchennoi 90-letiyu z.d.n. RF professora A.A. Lebedeva, Samara, 15 oktyabrya 2020 goda. = Aspirants’ Readings – 2020. Young Scientists: Scientific Research and Innovation: Proceedings of the All-Russian Scientific and Practical Conference with International Participation, dedicated to the 90th anniversary of Prof. A.A. Lebedev, Samara, October 15, 2020. Samara: OOO «SamLyuksPrint», FGBOU VO SamGMU Minzdrava Rossii, 2020, pp. 230–233. (In Russ.)
  2. Bol’shakov A.M., Krut’ko V.N., Kutepov E.N., Mamikonova O.A., Potemkina N.S., Rozenblit S.I., Chankov S.V. Informatsionnye nagruzki kak novyi aktual’nyi razdel gigieny detei i podrostkov [Informational hygiene as a new topical branch of hygiene of children and adolescents]. Gigiena i sanitariya = Hygiene and Sanitation, 2016, Vol. 95, no. 2, pp. 172–177. (In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.)
  3. Bukatov V.M. Klipovye izmeneniya v vospriyatii, ponimanii i myshlenii sovremennykh shkol’nikov – dosadnoe novoobrazovanie postindustrial’nogo uklada ili dolgozhdannaya reanimatsiya psikhicheskogo estestva? [Clip changes in the perception, understanding and thinking of modern schoolchildren – negative neoplasm of postindustrial way or long-awaited resuscitation of the psychic nature?]. Aktual’nye problemy psikhologicheskogo znaniya = Actual problems of a psychological knowledge, 2018, no. 4 (49), pp. 5–19. (In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.)
  4. Girenok F.I. Klipovoe soznanie [Clip consciousness]. Moscow: Prospekt, 2018. 254 p. (In Russ.)
  5. Grechkina M.E. Fenomen «klipovogo myshleniya» podrostkov v epokhu informatizatsii [The phenomenon of “clip thinking” of adolescents in the era of informatization]. Profilaktika zavisimostei = Prevention of addiction, 2019, no. 3 (19), pp. 107–112. (In Russ.)
  6. Dutko Yu.A, Belovol E.V. Osobennosti formirovaniya myshleniya lichnosti v tsifrovoi srede (sravnitel’nyi analiz pokolenii) [Features of formation thinking in the digital environment (comparative analysis of generations)]. Nauchnyi rezul’tat. Pedagogika i psikhologiya obrazovaniya = Research Result. Pedagogy and Psychology of Education, 2020, Vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 78–92. (In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.)
  7. Ivakina E.G., Panin O.Yu., Shirokov Yu.A. Kognitivnye osobennosti novykh pokolenii studentov kak prichina izmeneniya podkhodov k metodologii obucheniya [Cognitive features of new generation of students as a reason for changing approaches to teaching methodology]. Sovremennye problemy nauki i obrazovaniya = Modern Problems of Science and Education, 2021, no. 2, pp. 32–40. (In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.)
  8. Kuchma V.R., Tkachuk E.A. Gigienicheskaya otsenka informatizatsii obucheniya i vospitaniya [Hygienic assessment of informatization of education and up-bringing]. Gigiena i sanitariya = Hygiene and Sanitation, 2015, Vol. 94, no. 7, pp. 16–20. (In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.)
  9. Lebedeva N.N., Zufman A.I., Mal’tsev V.Yu. Sistema zerkal’nykh neironov mozga: klyuch k obucheniyu, formirovaniyu lichnosti i ponimaniyu chuzhogo soznaniya [Mirror Neuron System as a Key to Learning, Personality Formation and Understanding of Another’s Mind]. Uspekhi fiziologicheskikh nauk = Progress in Physiological Science, 2017, Vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 16–28. (In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.)
  10. Lombina T.N., Mansurov V.A., Yurchenko O.V. Problemy chteniya v novoi tsifrovoi real’nosti Literacy Problems in the New Digital Reality (By the Example of Schoolchildren). Sotsiologicheskaya nauka i sotsial’naya praktika, 2019, Vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 97–110. (In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.)
  11. Luk’yanets G.N., Makarova L.V., Paranicheva T.M., Tyurina E.V., Shibalova M.S. Vliyanie gadzhetov na razvitie detei [Influence of gadgets on child development]. Novye issledovaniya = New Study, 2019, no. 1 (57), pp. 25–35. (In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.)
  12. Makar’eva T.V., Filioglo L.D. Fenomen «Klipovogo myshleniya» u mladshikh shkol’nikov [The Phenomenon of “Clip Thinking” in Primary School Children]. Povolzhskii vestnik nauki = Volga Bulletin of Science, 2020, no. 1 (15), pp. 63–68. (In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.)
  13. Ratanova T.A. Lyumbina T.N., Luksha V.G. Negramotnost’ shkol’nikov kak problema Rossii v XXI veke [Illiteracy schoolchildren as a problem of Russia in XXI century]. Psikhologiya obucheniya = Psychology of education, 2014, no. 3, pp. 4–17.
  14. Staritsyna O.A. Klipovoe myshlenie vs obrazovanie. Kto vinovat i chto delat’? [Mosaic Thinking vs Education. Who is to blame and what to do?]. Azimut nauchnykh issledovanii: pedagogika i psikhologiya = Azimuth of Scientific Research: Pedagogy and Psychology, 2018, Vol. 7, no. 2 (23), pp. 270–274. (In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.)
  15. Tkachuk E.A. Gigienicheskaya otsenka informatizatsii obucheniya i vospitaniya detei doshkol’nogo i mladshego shkol’nogo vozrasta: dis. … d.m.n. [Hygienic assessment of informatization of training and education of pre-school and primary school children: doctor of medical sciences]. Irkutsk, 2014. pp. 67–68. (In Russ.)
  16. Tkachuk E.A. Informatizatsiya obshchestva kak sotsial’no-gigienicheskii faktor formirovaniya «fundamental’nogo tsivilizatsionnogo sdviga» [Society informatization as a socio-hygieic factor of “Fundamental civilization shift” formation]. Crede Experto: Mezhdunarodnyi informatsionno-analiticheskii zhurnal = Crede Experto: transport, society, education, language, 2014, no. 1, pp. 290–300. (In Russ., Abstr. in Engl.)
  17. Clure S.M., Laibson D.I., Loewenstein G. Separate neural systems value immediate and delayed monetary rewards. Science, 2004, Vol. 306, no. 5695, pp. 503–507. (In Engl.)
  18. Kozhevnikov G.A., Musina O.R. The phenomenon of «clip-thinking» and its impact on quality of our everyday life. Aktual’nye problemy professional’noi sfery v sovremennom mire: materialy III mezhdunarodnoi nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii molodykh uchenykh na inostrannykh yazykakh, 17 marta 2016 goda = Actual problems of professional sphere in the modern world: Materials of III International scientific-practical conference of young scientists in foreign languages, March 17, 2016. Ekaterinburg: In-t inostrannykh yaz., 2016. pp. 84–86. (In Engl.)
  19. Redick T.S., Shipstead Z., Meier M.E., Montroy J.J., Hicks K.L., Unsworth N., Kane M.J., Hambrick D.Z., Engle R.W. Cognitive predictors of a common multitasking ability: Contributions from working memory, attention control, and fluid intelligence. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 2016, Vol. 145, no. 11, pp. 1473–1492. (In Engl.)

Information About the Authors

Elena S. Bogomolova, Doctor of Medicine, Professor, Head of the Department of Hygiene, Vice-Rector for Academic Affairs, Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education «Privolzhsky Research Medical University» of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2513-2208, e-mail: olenabgm@rambler.ru

Konstantin A. Languev, Assistant of the Department of Hygiene, Volga Research Medical University of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6960-3940, e-mail: lka-2008@mail.ru

Metrics

Views

Total: 438
Previous month: 27
Current month: 16

Downloads

Total: 602
Previous month: 40
Current month: 18