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  Previous issue (2020. Vol. 9, no. 4)

Clinical Psychology and Special Education

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

ISSN (online): 2304-0394

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Started in 2012

Published quarterly

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Teasing Apart the Effect of Depression Specific and Anxiety Specific Symptoms on Academic Outcomes 175

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Gorman E.L.
Research Assistant, Department of Psychology, University of Notre Dame, USA
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8829-3842
e-mail: egorman5@nd.edu

Burke H.H.
Department of Psychology, University of Notre Dame, USA
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0289-3757
e-mail: hburke2@nd.edu

Rubino L.G.
Student, Department of Psychology, University of Notre Dame, USA
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1518-3818
e-mail: lrubino@nd.edu

Vargas I.
Assistant Professor, Department of Psychological Science, University of Arkansas, Washington, USA
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0787-5630
e-mail: ivvargas@uark.edu

Haeffel G.
PhD in Psychology, Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Notre Dame, Indiana, USA
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4029-1493
e-mail: ghaeffel@nd.edu

Abstract
Research shows that adolescents’ performance in school can be negatively affected by depression and anxiety. However, past studies have used nonspecific measures of depression and anxiety that preclude researchers from understanding their unique effects. The current study addressed this gap in the literature by teasing apart the effects of depression specific and anxiety specific symptoms on end of semester grade point average (GPA) and the likelihood of dropping a course. We used a 3-month longitudinal design with a sample of 130 United States (U.S.) undergraduates. Results showed that only cumulative GPA and ACT score predicted end of semester GPA. However, high levels of anxiety specific (anxious arousal), but not depression specific (anhedonia), symptoms predicted whether or not a student dropped a course. These results suggest that targeting anxiety specific symptoms in schools may be effective in improving academic outcomes.

Keywords: depression, anxiety, academic achievement

Column: Empirical research

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/cpse.2020090307

For Reference

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