Post-Traumatic and Psychopathological Symptoms of a Person with Victim Identity Who Survived a Car Accident 178
The paper analyzes the post-traumatic and psychopathological symptomatology of a person with victim identity in people who have survived a car accident. The article presents the materials of an empirical study obtained on a sample of people who had a car accident and who asked for psychological help for a subsequent violation of adaptation. The study involved 204 respondents aged 25 to 50 years, divided into groups based on the presence of signs of post-traumatic stress. The first group consisted of persons with pronounced post-traumatic symptoms (139 people, 78% of them are women), the second group consisted of persons without pronounced post-traumatic symptoms (65 people, 64% of women). The study used the following methods: the Questionnaire of dispositional self-attentiveness, a modified form of the Freiburg Personality Inventory (FPI), the Meaning-in-Life Orientations test developed by D.A. Leontiev, the COPE Inventory, which assesses the characteristics of responding to difficulties in everyday life situations, the Victim Personality Identity Scale, the Impact of Event Scale-R, and the Symptom Check List-90-Revised. The results obtained allow us to conclude that victim identity is a component of a personality with pronounced post-traumatic and psychopathological symptoms. Other components of personality in the structure of experiencing post-traumatic stress are intrapersonal conflict, personality crisis, and fixation on a traumatic event, which aggravate psychopathological symptoms when experiencing a car accident.
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