Problems and Resources of Comprehensive Prevention of Aggressive Behavior in an Educational Organization 107
PhD in Education, Leading Researcher, Institute for the Study of Childhood, Family and Upbringing of RAO, Moscow, Russia
PhD in Psychology, Leading Researcher, Institute for the Study of Childhood, Family and Upbringing of RAO, Moscow, Russia
MA in Psychology, Senior Researcher, Institute for the Study of Childhood, Family and Upbringing of RAO, Moscow, Russia
Junior Researcher, Institute for the Study of Childhood, Family and Upbringing of RAO, Moscow, Russia
The results of monitoring activities to prevent aggressive behavior of students in state schools of various regions of the Russian Federation are presented. The purpose of the monitoring was to gather information on topical issues related to aggressive behavior and the system of preventive measures. The study was attended by heads of 81 schools from 40 Russian regions. The research tool was a questionnaire developed by the authors, consisting of 137 questions. The survey was conducted in 2021. The results of the study showed that the problem of aggression among students, manifested in various forms – verbal, physical, social, cyber aggression, including conflicts and bullying, as well as autoaggressive behavior, is of high relevance. In addition, the data show that there is a lack of systematics in the preventive activities implemented in schools, both in the field of the forms of work used, and in the choice of the target audience, the number of specialists involved. Based on the results, a research and application approach is proposed to support and develop systemic prevention work in schools.
Keywords: comprehensive prevention, physical and verbal aggression, bullying, cyber aggression, preventive resource, universal and special prevention
Column: Educational Psychology
Funding. The study was carried out within the framework of the state task of the Federal State Budgetary Institution “Institute for the Study of Childhood, Family and Upbringing of RAO” № 073–00015–21–03. The research topic is “Designing mechanisms for implementing the concept of comprehensive prevention of aggressive behavior in the educational environment and identifying conditions for its effective implementation based on systematic monitoring of forms and types of manifestations of aggression by students of different ages”.
- Alekhina S.V., Fal'kovskaya L.P. Mezhvedomstvennoe vzaimodeistvie kak
mekhanizm razvitiya psikhologicheskoi sluzhby v obrazovanii [Interdepartmental
interaction as a mechanism for the development of psychological service in
education]. Psikhologo-pedagogicheskie issledovaniya =
Psychological-Educational Studies, 2017, no. 3, pp. 116–128.
DOI:10.17759/psyedu.2017090312 (In Russ.).
- Andrianova R.A. Bulling kak fenomen agressivnogo presledovaniya v
obrazovatel'noi srede [Bullying as a phenomenon of aggressive harassment in the
educational environment]. Podkhody k profilaktike agressivnogo povedeniya
detei i podrostkov v obrazovatel'noi srede: sbornik nauchnykh statei
[Approaches to the prevention of aggressive behavior of children and
adolescents in the educational environment: collection of scientific
articles], 2020, pp. 5–22. (In Russ.).
- Andrianova R.A. Profilaktika bullinga v shkole: rol' klassnogo
rukovoditelya [Bullying prevention at school: the role of the class teacher].
Podrostok v megapolise: sbornika trudov Devyatnadtzatoi Mezhdunar.
nauchno-praktich. Konf. (6-8 aprelya 2021 g., g. Moskva) [A teenager in
a megalopolis: Collection of Works of the Nineteenth International
Scientific and Practical Conferens]. Moscow: Publ. NIU «Vysshaya shkola
ekonomiki», 2021, pp. 12–17. (In Russ.).
- Bogdanovich N.V., Delibalt V.V. Profilaktika deviantnogo povedeniya detei i
podrostkov kak napravlenie deyatel'nosti psikhologa v obrazovatel'nykh
uchrezhdeniyakh [Prevention of deviant behavior of children and adolescents as
a field of activity of a psychologist in educational institutions].
Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2020, no. 2, pp. 1–14.
DOI:10.17759/psylaw.2020100201 (In Russ.).
- Bochaver A.A. Shkol'nyi opyt bullinga i aktual'noe blagopoluchie u
studentov [School bullying experience and current wellbeing among students].
Psikhologicheskaya nauka i obrazovanie = Psychological Science and
Education, 2021, no. 2, pp. 17–27. DOI:10.17759/pse.2021260202 (In
- Grebneva N.N., Slobodenyuk M.A., Variyasova E.V. Analiticheskii obzor
issledovanii po probleme agressivnogo obshchestvenno opasnogo povedeniya
molodezhi [Analytical review of studies on the problem of aggressive socially
dangerous behavior of youth]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law,
2019, no. 4, pp. 134–148. DOI:10.17759/psylaw.2019090410 (In Russ.).
- Grigor'eva A.A., Gavrichenkova A.A. Upotreblenie podrostkami
psikhoaktivnykh veshchestv pri raznykh vidakh autoagressivnogo povedeniya [The
use of psychoactive substances by adolescents in different types of
autoaggressive behavior]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law,
2020, no. 1, pp. 116–122. DOI:10.17759/psylaw.2020100110 (In Russ.).
- Davydov D.G., Khlomov K.D. Massovye ubiistva v obrazovatel'nykh
uchrezhdeniyakh: mekhanizmy, prichiny, profilaktika [Mass killings in
educational institutions: mechanisms, causes, prevention]. Natsional'nyi
psikhologicheskii zhurnal [National Psychological Journal], 2018,
no. 4(32), pp. 62–76. DOI:10.11621/npj.2018.0406 (In Russ.).
- Dozortseva E.G., Oshevskii D.S., Syrokvashina K.V. Psikhologicheskie,
sotsial'nye i informatsionnye aspekty napadenii nesovershennoletnikh na
uchebnye zavedeniya [Psychological, social and informational aspects of attacks
by minors on educational institutions]. Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology
and Law, 2020, no. 2, pp. 97–110. DOI:10.17759/psylaw.2020100208 (In
- Laktionova E.B., Pezhemskaya Yu.S. Otsenka psikhologicheskoi bezopasnosti
situatsii i strategii sovladayushchego povedeniya u
podrostkov-pravonarushitelei [Assessment of psychological safety of the
situation and coping behavior strategies in adolescent offenders].
Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2021, no. 3, pp. 62–76.
DOI:10.17759/psylaw.2021110305 (In Russ.).
- Novikova M.A., Rean A.A. Vliyanie shkol'nogo klimata na vozniknovenie
travli: otechestvennyi i zarubezhnyi opyt issledovaniya [Impact of the school
climate on the occurrence of bullying: domestic and foreign research
experience]. Voprosy obrazovaniya [Education issues], 2021, no.
2, pp. 78–97. DOI:10.17323/1814-9545-2019-2-78-97 (In Russ.).
- Novikova M.A., Rean A.A., Konovalov I.A. Bulling v rossiiskikh shkolakh:
opyt diagnostiki rasprostranennosti, polovozrastnykh osobennostei i svyazi so
shkol'nym klimatom [Bulling in Russian schools: experience in diagnosing
prevalence, age-related features and connection with the school climate].
Voprosy obrazovaniya [Education issues], 2021, no. 3, pp. 62–91.
DOI:10.17323/1814-9545-2021-3-62-90 (In Russ.).
- Rean A.A., Stavtsev A.A. Pozitivnye psikhologicheskie interventsii kak
profilaktika shkol'nogo neblagopoluchiya, agressii i bullinga [Positive
psychological interventions as prevention of school distress, aggression and
bullying]. Voprosy obrazovaniya [Education issues], 2020, no. 3,
pp. 37–59. DOI:10.17323/1814-9545-2020-3-37-59 (In Russ.).
- Khlomov K.D., Davydov D.G., Bochaver A.A. Kiberbulling v opyte rossiiskikh
podrostkov [Cyberbullying in the experience of Russian adolescents].
Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2019, no. 2, pp. 276–295.
DOI:10.17759/psylaw.2019090219 (In Russ.).
- Shemshurin A.A. Psikhologo-pedagogicheskie usloviya profilaktiki
agressivnogo povedeniya shkol'nikov [Psychological and pedagogical conditions
for the prevention of aggressive behavior of schoolchildren]. Zhurnal
pedagogicheskikh issledovanii [Journal of Pedagogical
Research], 2020, no. 2, pp. 10–12. (In Russ.).
- Shul'ga T.I., Dvoryanchikov N.V. Predstavleniya podrostkov o deviantnom
povedenii [Representations of adolescents about deviant behavior].
Psikhologiya i pravo = Psychology and Law, 2020, no. 3, pp. 174–188.
DOI:10.17323/1814-9545-2020-3-37-59. (In Russ.).
- Serie C., Van Damme L., Pleysier S., De Ruiter C., Put J. The relationship
between primary human needs of the Good Lives Model (GLM) and subjective
well-being in adolescents: A multi-level meta-analysis. Aggression and
Violent Behavior, 2021. Vol. 61. DOI:10.1016/J.AVB.2021.101651
- Estévez López E., Jiménez T.I., Moreno D. Aggressive behavior in
adolescence as a predictor of personal, family, and school adjustment problems.
Psicothema, 2018. Vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 66–73.
- Glick B., Gibbs J. Aggression replacement training, third edition.
Champaign, IL: Research Press, 2011. 426 p.
- Leff S., Power T., Manz P., Costigan T., Nabors L. School-Based Aggression
Prevention Programs for Young Children: Current Status and Implications for
Violence Prevention. School Psychology Review, 2001. Vol. 30, pp.
- Lovell B.L., Lee R.T. Impact of Workplace Bullying on Emotional and
Physical Well-Being: A Longitudinal Collective Case Study. Journal of
Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 2011. Vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 344–357.
- Pérez-Fuentes M., Molero Jurado M., Barragán Martín A., Gázquez Linares J.
Family Functioning, Emotional Intelligence, and Values: Analysis of the
Relationship with Aggressive Behavior in Adolescents. International Journal
of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2019. Vol. 16, no. 3, pp.
- Van Lier P., Vitaro F., Eisner M. Preventing Aggressive and Violent
Behavior: Using Prevention Programs to Study the Role of Peer Dynamics in
Maladjustment Problems. European Journal on Criminal Policy and
Research, 2007. Vol. 13, pp. 277–296. DOI:10.1007/S10610-007-9054-3
- United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization. Behind
the Numbers: Ending School Violence and Bullying, 2019, pp. 40–68.