Russian Psychological Issues PsyJournals.ru
OPEN ACCESS JOURNALS
JournalsTopicsAuthorsEditor's Choice Manuscript SubmissionAbout PsyJournals.ruContact Us
Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology - №4 / 2021 | Перейти к описанию
Web of Science СС

Previous issue (2021. Vol. 11, no. 3)

Included in Web of Science СС (ESCI)

Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psychology

Former Title: Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Seria 16. Psychology. Education

Publisher: Saint Petersburg University

ISSN (printed version): 2658-3607

ISSN (online): 2658-6010

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu16

Published since 2011

4 issues per year

Free of fees
Open Access Journal

 

Memory for the Source of Solutions in Remote Associate Tasks: the Role of Generation Effect and the Aha!-Experience 16

|
Abstract
The aim of the current work is to study the role of the Aha!-experience in remembering the source of solutions, either self-generated or externally presented. In memory studies there are specific source-monitoring errors, which occur whenever a participant claims to have generated an idea that was derived from different sources (unconscious plagiarism). Several previous studies have shown that experiencing the feeling of Aha! during either problem-solving or the presentation of the correct solutions can have a beneficial relationship to the subsequent recall of the material with the processing of which it was associated. However, studies of the Aha!-experience on the source monitoring task (self-generated solutions vs presented solu- tions) have not been conducted. In the authors’ study, the hypothesis that the feeling of Aha!, associated with the task being solved, can affect source-monitoring accuracy. During the first stage of the experiment, participants (80 people) had to solve Compound Remote Associates Task items and to estimate whether they had a feeling of Aha!, when either generating the solution or being presented with it in case they failed to generate it. At the second stage, conducted a week later, participants had to recall if the solution was generated by themselves or just presented. The results confirm the generation effect, which manifests itself in success- fully recalling problems for which a solution was found (sufficient generation) compared to problems with no-solutions found (fail-to-generate). Participants quite accurately recognized the source of the solution a week later, attributing generated solutions to themselves, while attributing fail-to-generate solutions to the presented ones. However, the authors did not find any additional impact of the Aha!-experience on the problem’s recognition, nor on the source- monitoring task performance. In the conclusion of the article, the contradictions of different experimental data concerning the influence of the Aha!-experience on long-term memory and further areas of research is discussed.

Keywords: source-monitoring judgements, Aha!-experience, insight, problem-solving, remote associate task

Column: Empirical and Experimental Research

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21638/spbu16.2021.105

Funding. The study was supported by the RFBR grant, project no. 20-013-00532.

For Reference

References
  1. Brown A. S., Murphy D. R. Cryptomnesia: Delineating inadvertent plagiarism. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 1989, vol.15 (3), pp. 432–442. https://doi. org/10.1037/0278-7393.15.3.432
  2. Marsh R. L., Bower G. H. Eliciting cryptomnesia: unconscious plagiarism in a puzzle task. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 1993, vol. 19 (3), pp. 673–688. https://doi. org/10.1037/0278-7393.19.3.673
  3. Gingerich A. C., Sullivan M. C. Claiming hidden memories as one’s own: A review of inadvertent plagiarism. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 2013, vol. 25 (8), pp. 903–916. https://doi.org/10.1080/204459 11.2013.841674
  4. Johnson M. K., Hashtroudi S., Lindsay D. S. Source monitoring. Psychological Bulletin, 1993, vol. 114 (1), pp. 3–28. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-2909.114.1.3
  5. Johnson M. K., Raye C. L. Reality monitoring. Psychological Review, 1981, vol. 88 (1), pp. 67–85. https://doi.org/10.1037/0033-295X. 88.1.67
  6. Slamecka N. J., Graf P. The generation effect: Delineation of a phenomenon. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Learning and Memory, 1978, vol. 4 (6), pp. 592–604. https://doi.org/10.1037/0278- 7393.4.6.592
  7. Bertsch S., Pesta B., Wiscott R., McDaniel M. The generation effect: A meta-analytic review. Mem- ory & Cognition, 2007, vol. 35, pp. 201–210. https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03193441
  8. Marsh E. J., Edelman G., Bower G. H. Demonstrations of a generation effect in context memory. Memory & Cognition, 2001, vol. 29 (6), pp. 798–805. https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03196409
  9. Geghman K. D., Multhaup K. S. How generation affects source memory. Memory & Cognition, 2004, vol. 32 (5), pp. 819–823. https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03195871
  10. Kinjo H., Snodgrass J. G. Does the generation effect occur for pictures? The American Journal of Psychology, 2000, vol. 113 (1), pp. 95–121. https://doi.org/10.2307/1423462
  11. Voss J. F., Vesonder G. T., Post T. A., Ney L. G. Was the item recalled and if so by whom? Journal of Memory and Language, 1987, vol. 26 (4), pp. 466–479. https://doi.org/10.1016/0749-596x(87)90102-1
  12. Jurica P. J., Shimamura A. P. Monitoring item and source information: Evidence for a negative generation effect in source memory. Memory & Cognition, 1999, vol. 27 (4), pp. 648–656. https://doi. org/10.3758/BF03211558
  13. Rabinowitz J. C. Effects of repetition of mental operations on memory for occurrence and origin.Memory & Cognition, 1990, vol. 18 (1), pp. 72–82. https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03202648
  14. Mulligan N. W., Lozito J. P., Rosner Z. A. Generation and context memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 2006, vol. 32 (4), pp. 836–846. https://doi.org/10.1037/0278- 7393.32.4.836
  15. Gershkovich V. A., Morozov M. I. Positive and negative influence of generation effect on memorizing the whole and fragmented sayings. Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University. Psikhologiia. Sotsiologiia. Pedagogika, 2015, vol. 3, pp. 5–17. (in Russian)
  16. Riefer D. M., Chien Yu., Reimer J. F. Positive and negative generation effects in source monitoring. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 2007, vol. 60 (10), pp. 1389–1405. https://doi. org/10.1080/17470210601025646
  17. Stark L.-J., Perfect T. J. Elaboration inflation: How your ideas become mine. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 2006, vol. 20 (5), pp. 641–648. https://doi.org/10.1002/acp.1216
  18. Gick M. L., Lockhart R. S. Cognitive and affective components of insight. The Nature of Insight, eds R. R. Sternberg, J. E. Davidson. The MIT Press, 1995, pp. 197–228.
  19. Webb M. E., Little D. R., Cropper S. J. Insight is not in the problem: Investigating insight in problem solving across task types. Frontiers in Psychology, 2016, vol. 7, article 1424. https://doi.org/10.3389/ fpsyg.2016.01424
  20. Kizilirmak J. M., Galvao Gomes da Silva J., Imamoglu F., Richardson-Klavehn A. Generation and the subjective feeling of “aha!” are independently related to learning from insight. Psychological Research, 2016, vol. 80 (6), pp. 1059–1074. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00426-015-0697-2
  21. Ishikawa T., Toshima M., Mogi K. How and When? Metacognition and Solution Timing Characterize an “Aha” Experience of Object Recognition in Hidden Figures. Frontiers in Psychology, 2019, vol. 10, article 1023. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01023
  22. Klein G., Jarosz A. A naturalistic study of insight. Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making, 2011, vol. 5 (4), pp. 335–351. https://doi.org/10.1177/1555343411427013
  23. Kizilirmak J. M., Wiegmann B., Richardson-Klavehn A. Problem solving as an encoding task: A special case of the generation effect. Journal of Problem Solving, 2016, vol. 9, pp. 59–76. https://doi. org/10.7771/1932-6246.1182
  24. Kizilirmak J. M, Serger V., Kehl J., Öllinger M., Folta-Schoofs K., Richardson-Klavehn A. Feelings- of-Warmth Increase More Abruptly for Verbal Riddles Solved with in Contrast to Without Aha! Experience. Frontiers in Psychology, 2018, vol. 9, article 1404. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01404
  25. Rothmaler K., Nigbur R., Ivanova G. New insights into insight: Neurophysiological correlates of the difference between the intrinsic “aha” and the extrinsic “oh yes” moment. Neuropsychologia, 2017, vol. 95, pp. 204–214. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2016.12.017
  26. Moroshkina N. V., Ammalainen A. V., Savina A. I. Catching up with insight: modern approaches and methods of measuring insight in cognitive psychology. Psikhologicheskie Issledovaniia, 2020, vol. 13 (74), p. 5. Available at: http://psystudy.ru/index.php/num/2020v13n74/1814-moroshkina74.html (accessed: 10.01.2021). (In Russian)
  27. Auble P. M., Franks J. J., Soraci S. A. Effort toward comprehension: Elaboration or “aha”? Memory & Cognition, 1979, vol. 7, pp. 426–434. https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03198259
  28. Wills T. W., Soraci S. A., Chechile R. A., Taylor H. A. “Aha” effects in the generation of pictures. Memory & Cognition, 2000, vol. 28 (6), pp. 939–948. https://doi.org/10.3758/BF03209341
  29. Danek A. H., Fraps T., von Müller A., Grothe B., Ollinger M. Aha! experiences leave a mark: Facilitated recall of insight solutions. Psychological Research, 2013, vol. 77 (5), pp. 659–669. https://doi. org/10.1007/s00426-012-0454-8
  30. Mednick S. The associative basis of the creative process. Psychological Review, 1962, vol. 69 (3), pp. 220–232. https://doi.org/10.1037/h0048850
  31. Bowden E. M., Jung-Beeman M. Normative data for 144 compound remote associate problems. Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, & Computers, 2003, vol. 35, pp. 634–639. https://doi.org/10.3758/ BF03195543
  32. Moroshkina N. V., Ammalainen A. V., Gershkovich V. A., Lvova O. V., Fedosova V. I. Development of a Russian version of the Remote Associates Tasks (RAT-Rus) for insight research. Pervyi natsional’nyi kongress po kognitivnym issledovaniiam, iskusstvennomu intellektu i neiroinformatike (IIKN-2020). Materialy konferentsii. Мoscow, 2020. (In press) (In Russian)
  33. Bowden E. M., Jung-Beeman M., Fleck J., Kounios J. New approaches to demystifying insight. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 2005, vol. 9 (7), pp. 322–328. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2005.05.012
  34. Peirce J. W., Gray J. R., Simpson S., MacAskill M. R., Höchenberger R., Sogo H., Kastman E., Lindeløv J. PsychoPy: experiments in behavior made easy. Behavior Research Methods, 2019, vol. 51 (1), pp. 195–203. https://doi.org/10.3758/s13428-018-01193-y
  35. Chetverikov A. Linear Mixed Effects Regression in Cognitive Studies. Rossiiskii zhurnal kognitivnoi nauki, 2015, vol. 2 (1), pp. 41–51. (In Russian, abstract — in English)
  36. Bates D., Maechler M., Bolker B., Walker S. Rehcbdjv: Linear mixed-effects models using Eigen and S4 (Rpackage version 1.0-5). 2014. Available at: http://cran.rproject.org/package=Ime4 (accessed 25.01.2021).
  37. Slamecka N. J., Fevreiski J. The generation effect when generation fails. Journal of Verbal Learning & Verbal Behavior, 1983, vol. 22 (2), pp. 153–163. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0022-5371(83)90112-3
  38. Buyer L., Dominowski R. Retention of Solutions: It Is Better to Give than to Receive. The American Journal of Psychology, 1989, vol. 102 (3), pp. 353–363. https://doi.org/10.2307/1423055
  39. Dominowski R., Buyer L. Retention of Problem Solutions: The Re-Solution Effect. The American Journal of Psychology, 2000, vol. 113(2), pp. 249–274. https://doi.org/10.2307/1423730
  40. Rosenzweig S., Mason G. An experimental study of memory in relation to the theory of repression. British Journal of Psychology, 1934, vol. 24, pp. 247–265.
 
About PsyJournals.ru

© 2007–2022 Portal of Russian Psychological Publications. All rights reserved

PsyJournals.ru in Russian

Publisher: Moscow State University of Psychology and Education

Catalogue of academic journals in psychology & education MSUPE

Creative Commons License Open Access Repository     Webometrics Ranking of Repositories

RSS Psyjournals at facebook Psyjournals at Twitter Psyjournals at Youtube ??????.???????