Autism: Multidisciplinary Evaluation and Treatment. The LADDERS Model



Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder characterized by impaired social interaction, delayed and disordered communication skills and isolated areas of interest. There is a growing appreciation that ASD is more complex than previously appreciate and in many cases, involves multiple organ systems beyond the brain. Those affected require intensive therapeutic services as well as skilled medical diagnosis and supervision. This paper describes a multidisciplinary clinical model in which the many services and interventions needed by ASD patients can be provided in a single site, reducing fragmentation of care and providing skilled diagnostic care and ongoing supervision.

General Information

Keywords: autism, behavior, medical co-morbidities, coordinated care

Journal rubric: Expert opinion

Article type: scientific article


For citation: Bauman M.L. Autism: Multidisciplinary Evaluation and Treatment. The LADDERS Model. Autizm i narusheniya razvitiya = Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2020. Vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 22–27. DOI: 10.17759/autdd.2020180303.


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Information About the Authors

Margaret L. Bauman, MD, Associate Professor of Anatomy and Laboratory Medicine, Department of Anatomy and Neurobiology, School of Medicine, Boston University, Boston, USA, ORCID:, e-mail:



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