The work of the Comprehensive Care System for Children with ASD in the Regions of the Volga Federal District

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Abstract

An ordered work to develop a system of continuous comprehensive support for people with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is being carried out in the Russian Federation. Since 2019 the Mental Health public project aimed at the development of the social and rehabilitation support to families raising children with mental disabilities has been implemented in the Volga Federal District (VFD). The Nizhny Novgorod Region is the first area which started to implement the project, which involves 5 regions of the Volga Federal District. Objectives of the project include various processes:early detection of ASD, training of professionals in various fields of interaction with people with ASD, raising awareness of effective care practices, including those for adults with ASD, organizing the work of resource centers; provision of medical services to people with ASD and their families. Some aspects of activities of the system of comprehensive care for children with ASD in the regions of the Volga Federal District are presented. Various fac- tors of comprehensive support to families raising children with ASD are considered on the basis of statistical data. From 2018 to June 2021 the prevalence of ASD in the Volga Federal District increased by 38.8%, and the provision of assistance to children with ASD and their families increased by 8.8%. The received data make it possible to assess the effectiveness and relevance of measures to identify and accompany children and their families as well as to plan further activities to organize comprehensive care for people with ASD reasonably.

General Information

Keywords: autism; autism spectrum disorders; mental disability; Mental Health project; comprehensive care; Volga Federal District

Journal rubric: Expert opinion

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/autdd.2022200101

Received: 17.02.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Balandina O., Gvozd U.Y. The work of the Comprehensive Care System for Children with ASD in the Regions of the Volga Federal District. Autizm i narusheniya razvitiya = Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022. Vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 5–11. DOI: 10.17759/autdd.2022200101. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Oxana Balandina, The Head of Mental Health Center, Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education «Privolzhsky Research Medical University» of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3486-1162, e-mail: neurorazvitie@yandex.ru

Uliana Y. Gvozd, Lecturer, Department of Social Medicine and Health Organization, Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education «Privolzhsky Research Medical University» of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Nizhniy Novgorod, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3937-7847, e-mail: ulgvozd@yandex.ru

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