Augmentative and Alternative Communication and Alleviating of the Behavioral Difficulties of Adolescents with Severe Multiple Developmental and Behavioral Disorders

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Abstract

This article is relevant in the framework of the study educational training importance and the ability to communicate with adolescents with severe multiple developmental and behavioral disorders (SMDD) in adults working for inpa- tient social service institution (ISSI). The survey of communication and behavioral skills in adolescents with SMDD living in ISSI presented. The study involved 60 employees, 28 adolescents with SMDD, 20 parents of special children. Methods used: Communication Matrix, cyclogram «Review of the day», evaluation sheet «Table of interests». A spe- cific case of employee training and introduction of Augmentative and Alternative Communication techniques into an individual form of work with the student and the impact of these activities on improving her behavior demonstrated. The experimental data presented in this article can be used for work with ISSI to increase the communication skills available to students with SMDD. Also, the article includes the description of the work on improvement of the qual- ity of life of adolescents with SMDD that are in inpatient institutional care. It has been established that children and adolescents with SMDD living in the ISSI have persistent impairments in mastering skills, identifying their com- munication mechanisms.

General Information

Keywords: adolescents with special needs, development, employment types, augmentative and alternative commu-nication

Journal rubric: Education & Intervention Methods

Article type: scientific article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.17759/autdd.2022200307

Funding. The reported study was conducted in a joint project by the Centre for Socialization and Integration of People with Developmental Disabilities and Their Families «Common Childhood» and the Center for Social Support and Rehabilitation of Disabled Children «House of Children» with the help of the Regional Non-Profit Social Organization «Center for Curative Peda- gogics» funded by the Department of Social Protection as part of the project «Moscow as a Kind City».

Received: 28.11.2022

Accepted:

For citation: Gnedenko Y.S., Karanevskaya O.V. Augmentative and Alternative Communication and Alleviating of the Behavioral Difficulties of Adolescents with Severe Multiple Developmental and Behavioral Disorders. Autizm i narušenie razvitiâ = Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2022. Vol. 20, no. 3, pp. 65–79. DOI: 10.17759/autdd.2022200307. (In Russ., аbstr. in Engl.)

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Information About the Authors

Yana S. Gnedenko, psycholohist, Center for Socialization and Integration of People with Developmental Disabilities and Their Families «Common Childhood», Regional Non-Profit Social Organization «Center for Curative Pedagogics», Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7068-7985, e-mail: yana-gnedenko@yandex.ru

Olga V. Karanevskaya, PhD in Education, associate professor of the Chair of Special Education and Psychology, Moscow City University, educator, Regional Non-Profit Social Organization «Center for Curative Pedagogics», Moscow, Russia, ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9800-4768, e-mail: olg_ka@mail.ru